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ISA-Ozone (2020 Final Project Page)


49,557 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Interspecific Resource Competition-Combined Effects of Radiation and Nutrient Limitation on Two Diazotrophic Filamentous Cyanobacteria

Authors: Mohlin, M; Roleda, MY; Pattanaik, B; Tenne, SJ; Wulff, A (In Press) Microbial Ecology. HERO ID: 841322

[Less] The cyanobacterial blooms in the Baltic Sea are dominated by diazotrophic cyanobacteria, the potentially . . . [More] The cyanobacterial blooms in the Baltic Sea are dominated by diazotrophic cyanobacteria, the potentially toxic species Aphanizomenon sp. and the toxic species Nodularia spumigena. The seasonal succession with peaks of Aphanizomenon sp., followed by peaks of N. spumigena, has been explained by the species-specific niches of the two species. In a three-factorial outdoor experiment, we tested if nutrient and radiation conditions may impact physiological and biochemical responses of N. spumigena and Aphanizomenon sp. in the presence or absence of the other species. The two nutrient treatments were f/2 medium without NO (3) (-) (-N) and f/2 medium without PO (4) (3-) (-P), and the two ambient radiation treatments were photosynthetic active radiation >395 nm (PAR) and PAR + UV-A + UV-B >295 nm. The study showed that Aphanizomenon sp. was not negatively affected by the presence of N. spumigena and that N. spumigena was better adapted to both N and P limitation in interaction with ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280-400 nm). In the Baltic Sea, these physical conditions are likely to prevail in the surface water during summer. Interestingly, the specific growth rate of N. spumigena was stimulated by the presence of Aphanizomenon sp. We suggest that the seasonal succession, with peaks of Aphanizomenon sp. followed by peaks of N. spumigena, is a result from species-specific preferences of environmental conditions and/or stimulation by Aphanizomenon sp. rather than an allelopathic effect of N. spumigena. The results from our study, together with a predicted stronger stratification due to effects of climate change in the Baltic Sea with increased temperature and increased precipitation and increased UV-B due to ozone losses, reflect a scenario with a continuing future dominance of the toxic N. spumigena.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparing removal of trace organic compounds and assimilable organic carbon (AOC) at advanced and traditional water treatment plants

Authors: Lou, JC; Lin, CY; Han, JY; Tseng, WB; Hsu, KL; Chang, TW (In Press) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. HERO ID: 864174

[Less] Stability of drinking water can be indicated by the assimilable organic carbon (AOC). This AOC value . . . [More] Stability of drinking water can be indicated by the assimilable organic carbon (AOC). This AOC value represents the regrowth capacity of microorganisms and has large impacts on the quality of drinking water in a distribution system. With respect to the effectiveness of traditional and advanced processing methods in removing trace organic compounds (including TOC, DOC, UV(254), and AOC) from water, experimental results indicate that the removal rate of AOC at the Cheng Ching Lake water treatment plant (which utilizes advanced water treatment processes, and is hereinafter referred to as CCLWTP) is 54%, while the removal rate of AOC at the Gong Yuan water treatment plant (which uses traditional water treatment processes, and is hereinafter referred to as GYWTP) is 36%. In advanced water treatment units, new coagulation-sedimentation processes, rapid filters, and biological activated carbon filters can effectively remove AOC, total organic carbon (TOC), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). In traditional water treatment units, coagulation-sedimentation processes are most effective in removing AOC. Simulation results and calculations made using the AutoNet method indicate that TOC, TDS, NH(3)-N, and NO(3)-N should be regularly monitored in the CCLWTP, and that TOC, temperature, and NH(3)-N should be regularly monitored in the GYWTP.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Yield vs. quality trade-offs for wheat in response to carbon dioxide and ozone

Authors: Pleijel, H; Uddling, J (In Press) Global Change Biology. HERO ID: 1669254

[Less] Although it is established that there exist potential trade-offs between grain yield and grain quality . . . [More] Although it is established that there exist potential trade-offs between grain yield and grain quality in wheat exposed to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and ozone (O3 ), their underlying causes remain poorly explored. To investigate the processes affecting grain quality under altered CO2 and O3 , we analysed 57 experiments with CO2 or O3 exposure in different exposure systems. The study covered 24 cultivars studied in 112 experimental treatments from 11 countries. A significant growth dilution effect on grain protein was found: a change in grain yield of 10% by O3 was associated with a change in grain protein yield of 8.1% (R(2) =0.96), while a change in yield effect of 10% by CO2 was linked to a change in grain protein yield effect of 7.5% (R(2) =0.74). Superimposed on this effect, elevated CO2 , but not O3 , had a significant negative effect on grain protein yield also in the absence of effects on grain yield, indicating that there exists a process by which CO2 restricts grain protein accumulation, which is absent for O3 . Grain mass, another quality trait, was more strongly affected by O3 than grain number, while the opposite was true for CO2 . Harvest index was strongly and negatively influenced by O3 , but was unaffected by CO2 . We conclude that yield vs. protein trade-offs for wheat in response to CO2 and O3 are constrained by close relationships between effects on grain biomass and less than proportional effects on grain protein. An important and novel finding was that elevated CO2 has a direct negative effect on grain protein accumulation independent of the yield effect, supporting recent evidence of CO2 -induced impairment of nitrate uptake/assimilation. Finally, our results demonstrated that processes underlying responses of grain yield vs. quality trade-offs are very different in wheat exposed to elevated O3 compared to elevated CO2 .

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of silicate supplementation on the alleviation of arsenite toxicity in 93-11 (Oryza sativa L. indica)

Authors: Hu, H; Zhang, J; Wang, H; Li, R; Pan, F; Wu, J; Feng, Y; Ying, Y; Liu, Q (In Press) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. HERO ID: 1597325

[Less] Chronic exposure to arsenic (As) in rice has raised many health and environmental problems. As reported, . . . [More] Chronic exposure to arsenic (As) in rice has raised many health and environmental problems. As reported, great variation exists among different rice genotypes in As uptake, translocation, and accumulation. Under hydroponic culture, we find that the Chinese wild rice (Oryza rufipogon; acc. 104624) takes up the most arsenic among tested genotypes. Of the cultivated rice, the indica cv. 93-11 has the lowest arsenic translocation factor value but accumulates the maximum concentration of arsenic followed by Nipponbare, Minghui 86, and Zhonghua 11. Higher level of arsenite concentration (50 μM) can induce extensive photosynthesis and root growth inhibition, and cause severe oxidative stress. Interestingly, external silicate (Si) supplementation has significantly increased the net photosynthetic rate, and promoted root elongation, as well as strongly ameliorated the oxidative stress by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase, and peroxidase in roots and/or leaves of 93-11 seedlings. Notably, 1.873 mM concentration of Si considerably decreases the total As uptake and As content in roots, but significantly increases the As translocation from roots to shoots. In contrast, Si supplementation with 1.0 mM concentration significantly increases the total As uptake and As concentrations in roots and shoots of 93-11 seedlings after 50 μM arsenite treatment for 6 days.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Influence of oxidation on fulvic acids composition and biodegradability

Authors: Kozyatnyk, I; Swietlik, J; Raczyk-Stanisławiak, U; Dąbrowska, A; Klymenko, N; Nawrocki, J (In Press) Chemosphere. HERO ID: 1668041

[Less] Oxidation is well-known process of transforming natural organic matter during the treatment of drinking . . . [More] Oxidation is well-known process of transforming natural organic matter during the treatment of drinking water. Chlorine, ozone, and chlorine dioxide are common oxidants used in water treatment technologies for this purpose. We studied the influence of different doses of these oxidants on by-products formation and changes in biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) and molecular weight distribution (MWD) of fulvic acids (FA) with different BDOC content. Chlorination did not significantly change the MWD of FA and disinfection by-products formation. However, higher molecular weight compounds, than those in the initial FA, were formed. It could be a result of chlorine substitution into the FA structure. Chlorine dioxide oxidized FA stronger than chlorine. During ozonation of FA, we found the highest increase of BDOD due to the formation of a high amount of organic acids and aldehydes. FA molecules were transformed into a more biodegradable form. Ozonation is the most preferable process among those observed for pre-treatment of FA before biofiltration.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Arsenic toxicity in garden cress (Lepidium sativum Linn.): Significance of potassium nutrition

Authors: Umar, S; Gauba, N; Anjum, NA; Siddiqi, TO (In Press) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. HERO ID: 1519031

[Less] In a hydroponic culture, experiments were performed to study the influence of potassium (K) supplementation . . . [More] In a hydroponic culture, experiments were performed to study the influence of potassium (K) supplementation (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 mg L(-1)) on the arsenic (As; 0, 8, and 10 mg L(-1))-accrued changes in growth traits (plant biomass, root-shoot length) and the contents of lepidine, As and K, in garden cress (Lepidium sativum Linn.) at 10 days after treatment. The changes in these traits were correlated with shoot proline content, protein profile, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes namely superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1), catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6), glutathione reductase (GR, EC 1.8.1.7), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11). In general, As-alone treatments significantly decreased the growth traits but lead to significant enhancements in shoot proline and enzyme activities. K-supplementation to As-treated L. sativum seedlings decreased shoot-As content, reduced As-induced decreases in growth traits but enhanced the content of shoot proline, and the activities of the studied enzymes maximally with K100 + As8 and As10 mg L(-1). Both 8 and 10 mg L(-1) of As drastically downregulated the shoot proteins ranging from 43-65 kDa. With As10 mg L(-1), there was a total depletion of protein bands below 23 kDa; however, K80 mg L(-1) maximally recovered and upregulated the protein bands. Additionally, protein bands were downregulated (at par with As-alone treatment) above K80 mg L(-1) level. Interestingly, As-stress increased lepidine content in a dose-dependent manner which was further augmented with the K-supplementation. It is suggested that K protects L. sativum against As-toxicity by decreasing its accumulation and strengthening antioxidant defense system and protein stability.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evaluation of the effects of ozone therapy on Escherichia coli-induced cytitis in rat

Authors: Tasdemir, C; Tasdemir, S; Vardi, N; Ates, B; Onal, Y; Erdogan, S; Yucel, A; Aglamis, E; Yakupogullari, Y; Altıntas, R; Karaman, A (In Press) Irish Journal of Medical Science. HERO ID: 1520151

[Less] OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ozone on oxidative/nitrosative stress . . . [More] OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ozone on oxidative/nitrosative stress and bladder injury caused by Escherichia coli in rat bladder. METHODS: Twenty-one Wistar-Albino-type female rats included in the study were divided into three groups of equal number: (1) sham operation (control), (2) E. coli-only (EC), (3) EC + ozone. After ozone therapy for 3 days, urine and tissue samples were obtained for biochemical, microbiological, and histopathological analysis. RESULTS: Tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and nitric oxide (NO) level were increased, whereas superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity was decreased in the EC group. MDA, MPO, and NO levels were decreased, whereas SOD, GPx activity was increased in the ozone-treated group. Also, there was no bacterial translocation in this group. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that ozone may be used as an agent to protect the bladder from oxidative/nitrosative stress occurring in cystitis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Haptoglobin polymorphism affects nitric oxide bioavailability in preeclampsia

Authors: Sertório, JT; Lacchini, R; Amaral, LM; Palei, AC; Cavalli, RC; Sandrim, VC; Duarte, G; Tanus-Santos, JE (In Press) Journal of Human Hypertension. HERO ID: 1525104

[Less] Studies showed elevated cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) in preeclampsia (PE), and Hb reacts with nitric oxide . . . [More] Studies showed elevated cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) in preeclampsia (PE), and Hb reacts with nitric oxide (NO), decreasing its bioavailability. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a polymorphic protein (Hp1-1, Hp2-1 and Hp2-2) that binds Hb to form a complex that is removed from circulation, thus preventing Hb-driven oxidative stress and NO scavenging. Hp protein products differ in biochemical and biophysical properties, which reflects on the Hb-Hp complex clearance rate. We hypothesized that Hp phenotypes modulate NO bioavailability by influencing NO consumption in PE. We studied 92 PE subjects and 105 normal pregnant women (NP). Hp genotypes were determined using real-time PCR. To assess NO bioavailability, we measured plasma nitrite using an ozone-based chemiluminescence assay. Plasma Hb and Hp were assessed with commercial immunoassays. A NO consumption assay was used to measure NO consumption. We found no differences in Hp genotype frequencies between PE and NP groups. Hp genotypes had no effects on plasma heme levels, NO consumption and plasma nitrite in NP. However, in PE, Hp2-1 and Hp2-2 were associated with higher plasma heme levels (48 and 55% higher, respectively; P<0.05), increased NO consumption (42 and 44% more, respectively; P<0.05) and lower plasma nitrite (39% less for Hp2-2; P<0.05) compared with Hp1-1. These findings indicate that although Hp genotype does not affect the risk of PE, Hp1-1 genotype may exert a protective role in PE by reducing NO scavenging, whereas Hp2-1 and Hp2-2 further may aggravate PE by reducing NO bioavailability.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 6 December 2012; doi:10.1038/jhh.2012.57.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Calcium supplementation modulates arsenic-induced alterations and augments arsenic accumulation in callus cultures of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.)

Authors: Rai, AN; Srivastava, S; Paladi, R; Suprasanna, P (In Press) Protoplasma. HERO ID: 1021799

[Less] In the present study, the effect of arsenate (AsV) exposure either alone or in combination with calcium . . . [More] In the present study, the effect of arsenate (AsV) exposure either alone or in combination with calcium (Ca) was investigated in callus cultures of Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. cv. Pusa Bold grown for a period up to 24 h. The AsV (250 μM) + Ca (10 mM) treatment resulted in a significantly higher level of As (464 μg g(-1) dry weight (DW)) than AsV without Ca (167 μg g(-1) DW) treatment at 24 h. Furthermore, AsV + Ca-treated calli had a higher percent of AsIII (24-47%) than calli subjected to AsV treatment (12-14%). Despite this, AsV + Ca-treated calli did not show any signs of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) accumulation or cell death upon in vivo staining, while AsV-exposed calli had increased H(2)O(2), shrinkage of cytoplasmic contents, and cell death. Thus, AsV treatment induced oxidative stress, which in turn elicited a response of antioxidant enzymes and metabolites as compared with control and AsV + Ca treatment. The positive effects of Ca supplementation were also correlated to an increase in thiolic constituents', viz., cysteine, reduced glutathione, and glutathione reductase in AsV + Ca than in AsV treatment. An analysis of selected signaling related genes, e.g., mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK3 and MAPK6) and jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ3) suggested that AsV and AsV + Ca followed variable pathways to sense and signal the As stress. In AsV-alone treatment, jasmonate signaling was seemingly activated, while MAPK3 was not involved. In contrast, AsV + Ca treatment appeared to specifically inhibit jasmonate signaling and activate MAPK3. In conclusion, Ca supplementation may hold promise for achieving increased As accumulation in plants without compromising their tolerance.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Multiphase chemical kinetics of the nitration of aerosolized protein by ozone and nitrogen dioxide

Authors: Shiraiwa, M; Selzle, K; Yang, H; Sosedova, Y; Ammann, M; Pöschl, U (In Press) Environmental Science and Technology. HERO ID: 1073530

[Less] Proteins contained in pollen and other biological particles are nitrated by ozone and nitrogen dioxide . . . [More] Proteins contained in pollen and other biological particles are nitrated by ozone and nitrogen dioxide in polluted air. The nitration can enhance the allergenic potential of proteins, which may contribute to the increasing prevalence of allergic diseases. The reactive uptake of NO(2) by aerosolized protein (bovine serum albumin) was investigated in an aerosol flow tube using the short-lived radioactive tracer (13)N. In the absence of O(3), the NO(2) uptake coefficient was below detection limit (γ(NO2) < 10(-6)), but with 20-160 ppb O(3) γ(NO2) increased from ~10(-6) to ~10(-4). Using the kinetic multi-layer model of surface and bulk chemistry (KM-SUB), the observed time and concentration dependence can be well reproduced by a multiphase chemical mechanism involving ozone-generated reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs), but not by NO(3) radicals formed in the gas phase. Product studies show the formation of protein dimers, suggesting that the ROIs are phenoxy radical derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine (tyrosyl radicals) which are also involved in physiological protein nitration processes. Our results imply that proteins on the surface of aerosol particles undergo rapid nitration in polluted air, while the rate of nitration in bulk material may be low depending on phase state and surface-to-volume ratio.