Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Gluconates (527-07-1, 299-27-4, 526-95-4, 90-80-2, & 299-28-5)


205 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Development of an HPLC/UV method for the evaluation of extractables and leachables in plastic: Application to a plastic-packaged calcium gluconate glucoheptonate solution

Authors: Legrand, P; Desdion, A; Boccadifuoco, G; Dufaÿ Wojcicki, A; Worsley, A; Boudy, V; Dufay, SG (2018) Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 155:298-305. HERO ID: 4837204

[Less] Calcium gluconate glucoheptonate (GGCa) is known to interact with glass containers, leading to the leaching . . . [More] Calcium gluconate glucoheptonate (GGCa) is known to interact with glass containers, leading to the leaching of aluminum from the glass into the solution at toxic level. Therefore, plastic containers seem to be a preferable packaging alternative. Nevertheless, plastics contain potentially toxic additives which could be released into the solution. In order to study content container interaction between GGCa and two plastic containers (polypropylene PP and polyethylene PE containers), an HPLC-PDA method was developed to separate, detect and quantify eleven additives commonly found in plastic materials, with good limit of detection and quantification. This method was then applied to evaluate the compatibility between GGCa and the two plastic containers. After 3 months of storage at 25 °C, none of the eleven additives were detected in GGCa solutions. The safety concern threshold (SCT) and of the analytical evaluation threshold (AET) were evaluated to discriminate the need to identify and qualify unknown peaks.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The effect of calcium gluconate with natural extracts on skin toxicity of hydrofluoric acid

Authors: Shin, JJin; Lee, H; Jeong, SH; Kim, JiH; Lee, M; Son, SW (2018) HERO ID: 4943152

[Less] BackgroundsHydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive acid. The conventional treatment for HF burn . . . [More] BackgroundsHydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive acid. The conventional treatment for HF burn is topical application of calcium gluconate (CG). Our study aimed to assess the synergistic effects of natural extracts (Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleracea, and blueberry extracts) in combination with CG in healing HF induced burn wound.MethodsWe investigated the effects of different topical CG formulations with natural extracts using cell proliferation assay, western blot, reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction, human skin equivalent model (HSEM), and mouse model.ResultsTopical CG formulations with natural extracts showed better recovery from HF burns shown by greater collagen expression in the dermal fibroblast model, HSEM and mouse model.ConclusionOur study demonstrated that CG in combination with natural extracts show superior wound healing in treating HF burn compared to CG monotherapy.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Calcium gluconate alleviates the toxic effect of hydrofluoric acid on human dermal fibroblasts through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway

Authors: Peng, J; Liu, R; Peng, L; Jia, H (2018) HERO ID: 4943168

[Less] The present study was performed to determine the molecular mechanism of calcium gluconate (CG) in alleviating . . . [More] The present study was performed to determine the molecular mechanism of calcium gluconate (CG) in alleviating the toxic effect of hydrofluoric (HF) acid on human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). HDF morphology was observed by optical microscopy and the vimentin immunofluorescence assay. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by the Cell Counting Kit-8 and Annexin V/propidium iodide assays, respectively. The levels of apoptosis-associated factors, as well as Wnt2, Wnt3a and β-catenin were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were detected by ELISA and western blotting. Carboxyterminal propeptide of type I collagen (CICP) was detected by ELISA, while L-Hydroxyproline (L-HYP) was detected by colorimetry. First, the morphology of normal HDFs was observed. Cell viability was inhibited and apoptosis was increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner following treatment with HF acid [0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 20% (v/v)] for 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 20 min. The effects were blocked by CG at different doses (50, 100 and 200 µmol/l) and time points (6, 12 and 24 h), following treatment with 8% (v/v) HF acid for 6 min. The levels of Caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 associated X protein, Wnt2, Wnt3a and β-catenin were decreased, whereas Bcl-2 was increased by CG treatment dose-dependently, when compared with HF control. CG promoted the expression of MMP-1, bFGF and L-HYP, and inhibited CICP, when compared with HF control. Based on the present results, CG alleviated the toxic effect of HF acid on HDFs by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Maximization of calcium and phosphate in neonatal total parenteral nutrition

Authors: Maruyama, H; Saito, J; Nagai, M; Mochizuki, M; Ishikawa, Y; Ito, Y (2018) Pediatrics International. HERO ID: 4946812

[Less] BACKGROUND: Appropriate calcium and phosphate supplementation is essential for bone . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Appropriate calcium and phosphate supplementation is essential for bone growth in preterm infants. Using Rehabix-K2™ (AY Pharmaceuticals, Tokyo, Japan) and Pleamin-P Injection™ (Fuso Pharmaceutical Industries, Osaka, Japan) as the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and amino acid solution, respectively, we investigated ways of maximizing calcium and phosphate in the TPN solution.

METHODS: Rehabix-K2, Pleamin-P, calcium gluconate, sodium phosphate, 50% glucose, and water were mixed in varying proportions to create 16 formulations. Precipitation assessment was done three times for each of the 16 formulations, and was based on the Japanese Pharmacopeia.

RESULT: Precipitation was observed 24 h after mixing when the calcium and phosphate were 60 mEq/L and 30 mmol/L or 80 mEq/L and 40 mmol/L, respectively. No precipitation was observed when the calcium and phosphate were 20 mEq/L and 10 mmol/L, respectively. Precipitation was observed once out of three times, when the calcium and phosphate were 40 mEq/L and 20 mmol/L, respectively, and the amino acids were 2% and 3% (mean pH, 6.13 and 6.26, respectively). No precipitation was observed, however, when the calcium and phosphate were 40 mEq/L and 20 mmol/L, respectively, and the amino acids were 0% and 1% (mean pH, 5.88 and 6.05, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Not only the concentration of calcium and phosphate, but also the pH of the TPN solution, are crucial factors for precipitation. Based on these results, a well-balanced TPN solution maximizing calcium and phosphate availability will be able to be formulated.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Experience of compounding total parenteral nutrition admixtures for preterm infants in a hospital pharmacy: evidence of calcium and phosphate compatibility problem

Authors: Zenoni, D; Loiacono, S (2018) 25:38-42. HERO ID: 4948660

[Less] Objective Parenterally fed preterm newborn infants require large amounts of calcium and phosphate in . . . [More] Objective Parenterally fed preterm newborn infants require large amounts of calcium and phosphate in a low volume of solution. The lower the volume of solution, the higher is the possibility of precipitation of calcium hydrogen phosphate (CaHPO4). Precipitation could cause respiratory distress and pulmonary embolism, and the use of organic salts of calcium and phosphorus may reduce the likelihood of this problem. To date, no previous work on the stability of solutions with organic salts has been published in the literature. This study aims to evaluate the visible precipitation of calcium and phosphorus in total parenteral nutrition solutions.

Methods 20 parenteral nutrition solutions were aseptically prepared in a laminar airflow hood in a clean room. The solutions are intended to facilitate precipitation, with the amino acid ratio below the standard concentration and other parameters also modulated to promote the precipitation of CaHPO4. The solutions contained dextrose, amino acids, calcium gluconate and fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. We did not use lipid emulsion so that we could see all precipitations.

Results No visible precipitation was observed during 4 weeks of observation at 25 degrees C. The only observed event was the change in colour of the solution, which became yellow, maybe because of a Maillard reaction.

Conclusions This study evaluated the compatibility of organic calcium and phosphorus in order to prevent the precipitation of CaHPO4 when preparing total parenteral nutrition solutions. The fact that no precipitation was observed is very significant as it indicates the compatibility of the ions, even though no instrumental analysis was performed.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria on the Mobility of Insoluble Cadmium and Metabolic Analysis

Authors: Yang, P; Zhou, XF; Wang, LL; Li, QS; Zhou, T; Chen, YK; Zhao, ZY; He, BY (2018) International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15. HERO ID: 4649607

[Less] Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can promote plant growth by dissolving insoluble phosphate. Therefore, . . . [More] Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can promote plant growth by dissolving insoluble phosphate. Therefore, PSB may have the potential to improve the mobility of heavy metals in soils and enhance phytoextraction. This study isolated a few PSB strains that could dissolve CdCO₃ and solid Cd in soil. Two typical PSB, namely, high- and low-Cd-mobilizing PSB (Pseudomonas fluorescens gim-3 and Bacillus cereus qh-35, respectively), were selected to analyze the metabolic profiles, metabolic pathways, and mechanisms of mobilization of insoluble Cd. A total of 34 metabolites secreted by the two PSB strains were identified. Gluconic acid was the main contributor to Cd dissolution (42.4%) in high-Cd-mobilizing PSB. By contrast, gluconic acid was not secreted in low-Cd-mobilizing PSB. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that gluconic acid was produced by the peripheral direct oxidation pathway. Hence, PSB with peripheral direct oxidation pathway were likely to have high-Cd-mobilizing capacity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation combined with continuous renal replacement therapy in cutaneous burn and inhalation injury caused by hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid

Authors: Pu, Q; Qian, J; Tao, W; Yang, A; Wu, J; Wang, Y (2017) Medicine 96:e8972. HERO ID: 4298548

[Less] RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive . . . [More] RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning.

PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid.

DIAGNOSES: He had severe cutaneous injuries involving approximately 60% of his total body surface area including the head, face, neck, right upper arm, right hand, trunk, perineum, and both lower limbs and feet. Examination at admission showed the following electrolyte concentrations: ionic calcium 0.192 mmol/L, total calcium 0.72 mmol/L, magnesium 0.4 mmol/L, potassium 5.49 mmol/L, and sodium 136.8 mmol/L.

INTERVENTIONS: An initial 20 mL intravenous bolus of 10% calcium gluconate was followed by a continuous infusion at 6 g/h plus continuous intravenous drip 25% magnesium sulfate at 1.5 g/h. Continuous cardiac monitoring was performed in the intensive care unit. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used to improve oxygenation function at 38 hours post exposure. Antibiotic therapy using imipenem/cilastin plus vancomycin was required.

OUTCOMES: After treatment for 12 hours, electrolyte concentrations returned to normal. On day 11, the hemodynamic parameters were stable and oxygenation function had improved. On day 26, the patient was weaned off CRRT. One month later, the patient twice received skin grafting, then was discharged from the hospital without pulmonary, cardiac, or neurological complications 3 months later.

LESSONS: The present case study demonstrates that CRRT may be an effective and potentially lifesaving therapy after severe exposure to HF. Prolonged hemodialysis is recommended to remove delayed release fluoride ions to avoid delayed systemic injury. When conventional therapy can not improve oxygenation and/or carbon dioxide retention, ECMO should be performed as soon as possible.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Importance of initial management and surgical treatment after hydrofluoric acid burn of the finger

Authors: Han, HH; Kwon, BY; Jung, SN; Moon, SH (2017) HERO ID: 4944604

[Less] Occupational injuries to digits due to hydrofluoric acid (HFA) are frequently encountered. They have . . . [More] Occupational injuries to digits due to hydrofluoric acid (HFA) are frequently encountered. They have distinctive features, including intense pain, progressive tissue necrosis, and possible bone erosion. To minimize tissue damage, it is of great importance to execute prudent preoperative assessment and determine the correct surgical modality to reconstruct and maintain the function of the hand. However, proper protocols for fingers have not been presented in previous studies. Eight cases with HFA burn to digits were presented to the emergency room. Wounds were immediately irrigated with saline, calcium gluconate was applied topically to block destructive effects of fluoride ions. Blisters that could lead to progressive tissue destruction were debrided. A fish-mouth fasciotomy was performed and prostaglandin was administered intravenously to maintain maximal distal circulation. Wounds were evaluated daily for apparent demarcation for 6 or 7 days. Digits were reconstructed with free sensate second toe pulp-free flap to provide sufficient padding for the fingertip. All patients showed excellent recovery with stable flaps with acceptable external contour, durable soft tissue padding, and full range of motion of affected joints. In conclusion, when a patient is admitted due to HFA exposure to the finger, early treatment including irrigation, topical neutralizers, and fasciotomy are of great importance to minimize tissue damage. In addition, a physician should wait at least 7days until the degree of damage to the tissue can be classified so that the physician can decide whether aggressive debridement should be proceeded. In case of deep layer injuries of weight bearing portions such as finger pulp, reconstruction techniques utilizing durable tissues such as partial second toe pulp free flap should be employed.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Liver tissue metabonomics in rat after acute paraquat poisoning gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Authors: Geng, P; Cai, J; Zhang, L; Xu, M; Liu, Z; Zhang, J; Wang, Z; Wang, X; Wen, C; Ma, J (2017) HERO ID: 4948343

[Less] In this study, we developed a liver tissue metabolomic method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry . . . [More] In this study, we developed a liver tissue metabolomic method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to evaluate the effect of acute paraquat poisoning on rats. The acute paraquat poisoning group rats were given 36 mg/kg of paraquat by intragastric administration, control group were given saline by intragastric administration. Liver tissue samples were collected from the rats from the acute paraquat poisoning group and control group. Pattern recognition analysis, including both principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) revealed that acute paraquat poisoning induced liver tissue metabolic perturbations. Compared to the control group, the level of (Z,Z)-9,12-octadecadienoic acid, D-gluconic acid, oleic acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid, 5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acid, d-glucose, phthalic acid in liver tissue of acute paraquat poisoning group increased, while the level of d-mannose, heptadecanoic acid, D-glucuronic acid decreased. In conclusion, liver tissue metabolomic method based on GC-MS may be useful to elucidate acute paraquat poisoning through the exploration of biomarkers. According to the pathological changes of liver tissue at difference dosage, paraquat is hepatotoxic.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Phosphorus Taste Involves T1R2 and T1R3

Author: Tordoff, MG (2017) Chemical Senses 42:425-433. HERO ID: 3996821

[Less] Rodents consume solutions of phosphates and pyrophosphates in preference to water. Recently, we found . . . [More] Rodents consume solutions of phosphates and pyrophosphates in preference to water. Recently, we found that the preference for trisodium pyrophosphate (Na3HP2O7) was greater in T1R3 knockout (KO) mice than wild-type (WT) controls, suggesting that T1R3 is a pyrophosphate detector. We now show that this heightened Na3HP2O7 preference of T1R3 KO mice extends to disodium phosphate (Na2HPO4), disodium and tetrasodium pyrophosphate (Na2H2PO4 and Na4H2PO4), a tripolyphosphate (Na5P3O10), a non-sodium phosphate [(NH4)2HPO4], and a non-sodium pyrophosphate (K4P2O7) but not to non-P salts with large anions (sodium gluconate, acetate, or propionate). Licking rates for Na3HP2O7 are higher in T1R2 KO mice than WT controls; Na3HP2O7 preference scores are increased even more in T1R2 KO mice and T1R2+T1R3 double KO mice than in T1R3 KO mice; preference scores for Na3HP2O7 are normal in T1R1 KO mice. These results implicate each subunit of the T1R2+T1R3 dimer in the behavioral response to P-containing taste compounds.