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Biphenyl




  • 1.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Handbook of pesticide toxicology. Volume 3: Classes of pesticides

    (1991) San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References

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  • 2.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
    Peer
    Reviewed
    Journal
    Article
    Chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster cells exposed to various chemicals

    Authors: Abe, S; Sasaki, M
    (1977) Journal of the National Cancer Institute 58:1635-1641.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. To evaluate its usefulness for detection of mutagenicity and oncogenicity of chemicals, the frequency . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. To evaluate its usefulness for detection of mutagenicity and oncogenicity of chemicals, the frequency of chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) was examined in cultured Chinese hamster cells exposed to 33 kinds of chemical agents, including 2 aromatic hydrocarbons, 7 amine derivatives, 3 phenols, 6 carboxylic acid derivatives, 4 azo compounds, 7 heterocyclic compounds, and 4 other types of agents. Among them, 7 chemicals, including 5 known oncogens (N-n-butyl-N-nitrosourethan, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, beta-propiolacton, methylazoxymethanol acetate, and propane sultone) and 2 non-oncogens (potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate) were inducers of aberrations and/or SCE, although the effective doses for the last two agents were considerably higher. The mutagenic activities estimated by chromosome aberrations were not necessarily the same for a given chemical when estimated by SCE. Slightly to moderately increased rates of SCE or aberrations were noticed among the other 26 chemicals. However, these values were usually without a clear dose relationship.
    Tagged With: Cited References, Considered , Mechanistic and genotoxic studies, Other studies
  • 3.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Biphenyl

    Author: ACGIH
    (2001)
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. TLV Recommendation Although no thresholds for safe worker exposure can be estimated from currently available . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. TLV Recommendation Although no thresholds for safe worker exposure can be estimated from currently available reports of plant surveys, they indicate the serious consequences of heavy and prolonged exposure to biphenyl. For this reason, reliance should be placed on the responses of the most susceptible animal species, the mouse, which showed respiratory difficulties following repeated inhalation exposure at 5 mg/m3, or about 1 ppm. Accordingly, a TLV-TWA of 0.2 ppm is recommended until evidence indicating the need for a change is forthcoming. Sufficient data were not available to recommend Skin, SEN, or carcinogenicity notations or a TLV-STEL The reader is expected to be familiar with the section on Excursion Limits in the "Introduction to the Chemical Substance TLVs" of the current edition of the Documentation of the TLVs and BEIs for the guidance and control of excursions above the TLV-TWA, even when the 8-hour TWA is within the recommended limit.
    Tagged With: Considered , Cited References, Human studies

    Details
       
  • 4.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Biphenyl

    Author: ACGIH
    (1991)
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. TLV Recommendation Although no thresholds for safe worker exposure can be estimated from currently available . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. TLV Recommendation Although no thresholds for safe worker exposure can be estimated from currently available reports of plant surveys, they indicate the serious consequences of heavy and prolonged exposure to biphenyl. For this reason, reliance should be placed on the responses of the most susceptible animal species, the mouse, which showed respiratory difficulties following repeated inhala¬tion exposure at 5 mg/m3, or about 1 ppm. Accordingly, a TWA-TLV of 0.2 ppm is recommended until evidence indicating the need for a change is forthcoming. At this time, no STEL is recommended until additional toxicological data and industrial hygiene experience become available to provide a better base for quantifying on a toxicological basis what the STEL should be. The reader is encouraged to review the section on Excursion Limits in the "Introduction to the Chemical Substances" of the current TLV/BEI Booklet for guidance and control of excursions above the TLV-TWA, even when the 8-hour TWA is within the recommended limits.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References

    Details
       
  • 5.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    2009 TLVs and BEIs: Threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices

    Author: ACGIH
    (2009) Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References

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  • 6.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    TLVs and BEIs: Threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices

    Author: ACGIH
    (2008)
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. The information in this user-friendly, pocket-sized publication is used worldwide as a guide for evaluation . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. The information in this user-friendly, pocket-sized publication is used worldwide as a guide for evaluation and control of workplace exposures to chemical substances and physical agents. Threshold Limit Value (TLV®) occupational exposure guidelines are recommended for more than 700 chemical substances and physical agents. There are more than 50 Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs®) that cover more than 80 chemical substances. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) registry numbers are listed for each chemical. Introductions to each section and appendices provide philosophical bases and practical recommendations for using TLVs® and BEIs®.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References
  • 7.
    Technical Report
    Technical
    Report
    Acute Toxicity and Primary Irritancy Studies Peroral, Single Dose to Rats Percutaneous, Single Dose to Rabbits Inhalation, Single Exposure to Rats Skin Irritation, Rabbits

    (1983)
    Abstract: An Evaluation of the Mutagenic Activity of Methylnaphthalene Fraction in
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References

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  • 8.
    Archival Material
    Archival
    Material
    Toxicological profiles: Information about contaminants found at hazardous waste sites

    Author: ATSDR
    (2011) Available online at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/index.asp. [Website]
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described here. Each peer-reviewed profile identifies and reviews the key literature that describes a hazardous substance's toxicologic properties. Other pertinent literature is also presented, but is described in less detail than the key studies.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References
  • 9.
    Journal Article
    Journal
    Article
    A toxicological study of biphenyl, a citrus fungistat

    Authors: Ambrose, AM; Booth, AN; DeEds, F; Cox, AJ, Jr
    (1960)
    Tagged With: Considered , Cited References, Animal studies, Oral subchronic and chronic, Reproductive and developmental, Other studies, Dose-response assessment
  • 10.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Documentation of threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices for 2001

    Author: ACGIH
    (2001) (7th). Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
    Tagged With: Considered , Excluded References, Cited References

    Details
       
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