Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Trichloroethylene (TCE) (Final, 2011)

Show Project Details Hide Project Details
7,936 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Alterations in serum immunoglobulin levels in workers occupationally exposed to trichloroethylene

Authors: Zhang, L; Bassig, BA; Mora, JL; Vermeulen, R; Ge, Y; Curry, JD; Hu, W; Shen, M; Qiu, C; Ji, Z; Reiss, B; Mchale, CM; Liu, S; Guo, W; Purdue, MP; Yue, F; Li, L; Smith, MT; Huang, H; Tang, X; Rothman, N; Lan, Q (In Press) Carcinogenesis. HERO ID: 1480812

[Less] Trichloroethylene (TCE) has been associated with a variety of immunotoxic effects and may be associated . . . [More] Trichloroethylene (TCE) has been associated with a variety of immunotoxic effects and may be associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Altered serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels have been reported in NHL patients and in animals exposed to TCE. Recently, we reported that occupational exposure to TCE is associated with immunosuppressive effects and immune dysfunction, including suppression of B-cell counts and activation, even at relatively low levels. We hypothesized that TCE exposure would also affect Ig levels in humans. We measured serum levels of IgG, IgM and IgE, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in TCE-exposed workers (n = 80) and unexposed controls (n = 45), matched by age and gender, in a cross-sectional, molecular epidemiology study of occupational exposure to TCE in Guangdong, China. Exposed workers had about a 17.5% decline in serum levels of IgG compared with unexposed controls (P = 0.0002). Similarly, serum levels of IgM were reduced by about 38% in workers exposed to TCE compared with unexposed controls (P < 0.0001). Serum levels of both IgG and IgM were significantly decreased in workers exposed to TCE levels below 12 p.p.m., the median exposure level. Adjustment for B-cell counts had minimal impact on our findings. IgE levels were not significantly different between exposed and control subjects. These results provide further evidence that TCE is immunotoxic at relatively low exposure levels and provide additional biologic plausibility for the reported association of TCE with NHL.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Integrated Risk Information System Program

Author: U.S. EPA (2015) Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, IRIS. HERO ID: 192196

[Less] The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program provides . . . [More] The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program provides health effects information on chemicals to which the public may be exposed, providing a critical part of the scientific foundation for EPA's decisions to protect public health. EPA has made several changes to this important Program over the past few years, streamlining the assessment development process, improving transparency, and creating efficiencies within the Program. In April 2011, the National Research Council (NRC) made several recommendations to EPA for improving the development of IRIS assessments. The N RC's recommendations were focused on the development of draft assessments, and the NRC was clear that their intent was not to delay assessments. EPA has made progress in implementing these recommendations. Consistent with the advice of the NRC, EPA is implementing these recommendations using a phased approach and is making the most extensive changes to documents that are in the earlier steps of the assessment development process. For assessments that are in the later stages of development, including assessments that have been posted on the IRIS database since the release of the NRC report, EPA is implementing the recommendations as feasible without taking the assessments backwards to earlier steps of the process. Phase 1 of implementing the NRC recommendations has focused on editing and streamlining documents and using more tables, figures, and appendices. EPA is now in Phase 2 of implementing the NRC recommendations and will soon publicly release two draft IRIS assessments that represent a major advancement in implementing the NRC recommendations. EPA is using a new document structure for these draft assessments, including an Executive Summary presenting major conclusions, a Preamble describing methods used to develop the assessment, distinct sections on Hazard Identification and Dose-Response Analysis, and more tables and figures to clearly present data. Additionally as part of Phase 2, EPA is addressing all of the short-term recommendations provided by the NRC. As part of this effort, EPA will make several changes to IRIS assessments. Highlights include: evaluating and describing the strengths and weaknesses of critical studies in a more uniform way; including toxicity values for multiple effects associated with the chemical, if applicable and where the data allow; routinely considering the use of multiple data sets of combined multiple responses in deriving toxicity values, where appropriate; and evaluating existing guidelines to establish clearer criteria for study selection. Phase 3 of implementation will incorporate the longer-term scientific recommendations made by the NRC. The U.S. Congress has directed EPA to issue a progress report to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations and relevant Congressional authorizing committees to describe EPA's implementation of the NRC recommendations. This report provides Congress, stakeholders, and the public with an update on the IRIS Program and EPA's progress toward implementing the NRC recommendations and improving the Program.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Trichloroethylene and Cancer

Author: Purdue, MP (2013) Journal of the National Cancer Institute 105:844-846. [Editorial] HERO ID: 1600027


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Occupational trichloroethylene exposure and cervical pathology: a case-control study

Authors: Charbotel, B; Massardier-Pilonchery, A; Fort, E; Dananché, B; Févotte, J; Confavreux-Romestaing, C; Bergeret, A (2013) Annals of Occupational Hygiene 57:407-416. HERO ID: 1514222

[Less] OBJECTIVES: Trichloroethylene (TCE) is suspected of association with elevated risk . . . [More] OBJECTIVES: Trichloroethylene (TCE) is suspected of association with elevated risk of cervical cancer. A case-control study was performed in a geographical area in which occupational TCE exposure is high. The study objective was to analyze the correlation between occupational TCE exposure and cervical cancer (including precancerous conditions).

METHODS: Case and control subjects were recruited by gynecologists. General and occupational data were collected by telephonic interviews. An industrial hygienist assessed occupational TCE exposure on a task-exposure matrix. Analysis focused on occupational TCE exposure at various levels and on cumulative dose. Multivariate analysis was performed to take account of the various risk factors.

RESULTS: In total, 67 case and 67 age-matched control subjects were included. Mean age was 36 years in both groups. Five of the possible general risk factors correlated significantly with cervical dysplasia or cancer: number of partners, history of genital or anal wart, interval between first period and first sexual relation, parity, and body mass index, the last three showing inverse correlation. Elevated risk was found in women who had had jobs as manual workers according to the PCS French classification (professions and socioprofessional categories), and production and related workers according to ISCO classification (International Standard Classification of Occupations), with odds ratios (ORs), adjusted on general and medical risk factors, of 7.68 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.39-42.54] and 7.48 (1.30-43.24), respectively, among skilled service sector workers; the adjusted OR was close to significance, at 4.67 (95% CI: 0.92-23.67). No occupational sectors were significantly associated with elevated risk. In all, 17 (25.4%) case and 15 (22.4%) control subjects were exposed to TCE: raw OR = 1.17 (95% CI: 0.54-2.52), adjusted OR = 1.51 (95% CI: 0.42-5.41). There was no significant correlation between cumulative dose and exposure time.

CONCLUSIONS: The study found no significantly increased risk of cervical dysplasia or cancer associated with occupational TCE exposure.

Data/Software
Data/ Software

Supplementary data for TCE assessment: Non-cancer HECs plots from rodent oral studies

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 723790


Data/Software
Data/ Software

Supplementary data for TCE assessment: Non-cancer HEDs altPOD plots from rodent inhalation studies

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 723793


Data/Software
Data/ Software

Supplementary data for TCE assessment: Hack rat populations calibration evaluation

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 723777


Data/Software
Data/ Software

Supplementary data for TCE assessment: Hack human population calibration evaluation

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 723779


Data/Software
Data/ Software

Supplementary data for TCE assessment: Mouse posteriors by subject

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 723781


Technical Report
Technical Report

Age Dependent Adjustment Factor (ADAF) application

Author: U.S. EPA (2011) HERO ID: 783747