Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Naphthalene


61 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Severe hemolytic anemia due to ingesting naphthalene-containing moth repellent balls

Authors: Wills, B; Willis, D; Bullock, A; Cumpston, K (2018) Clinical Toxicology 56:1082-1082. [Abstract] HERO ID: 5019503

[Less] Background: The vast majority of pediatric mothball ingestions result in minimal toxicity. In 2016 the . . . [More] Background: The vast majority of pediatric mothball ingestions result in minimal toxicity. In 2016 the National Poison Data System reported only three major outcomes from naphthalene. We report a case of severe hemolytic anemia after ingestion of moth repellent balls containing naphthalene.
Case report: A 14-month-old male with history of sickle cell trait on no daily medications, presented to the emergency department with lethargy. His mother reported finding him eating naphthalene-containing mothballs 2 d prior. He initially vomited twice, then developed irritability, lethargy and fever over the following 24 to 48 h. Fragments of moth balls were noted by the mother in his diaper. On arrival, vital signs included: temperature of 38.9; HR 178 bpm; BP 102/82 mmHg; respiratory rate 40; SpO2 95%. Physical exam revealed mild distress, crying, tachypnea and scleral icterus. Heart and lung exam was normal. Initial laboratory studies included hemoglobin 3.6 g/dl (10.9 g/dl 20 d earlier), indirect bilirubin 1.8 mg/dl, LDH 3331 u/l (0–85), haptoglogin 43 mg/dl (35–200) and methemoglobin of 6%. The patient was treated with a single transfusion of packed red blood cells and supportive care. Methylene blue was not used. Additional workup while hospitalized included peripheral blood smear and G6PD. He recovered fully and was discharged after a 2-d hospitalization.
Case Discussion: Hemolysis and methemoglobinemia have been reported from exposures to naphthalene but is rare. Toxicity can be more severe in those with G6PD deficiency, infants, sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait. Methylene blue was not used due to the combination of low methemoglobin level and concern for further hemolysis.
Conclusion: This was a case of severe hemolytic anemia due to ingestion of naphthalene moth balls, likely magnified due to his concomitant sickle cell trait.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Naphthalene toxicity: Methemoglobinemia and acute intravascular hemolysis

Authors: Volney, G; Tatusov, M; Yen, AC; Karamyan, N (2018) 10:e3147. HERO ID: 5018121

[Less] Naphthalene poisoning is a rare form of toxicity that may occur after ingestion, inhalation, or dermal . . . [More] Naphthalene poisoning is a rare form of toxicity that may occur after ingestion, inhalation, or dermal exposure to naphthalene-containing compounds such as mothballs. Clinically, patients present with acute onset of dark brown urine, watery diarrhea, and non-bloody bilious vomiting 48-96 hours after exposure. Vital sign abnormalities include fever, tachycardia, hypotension, and persistent pulse oximetry readings of 84%-85% despite oxygen supplementation. Laboratory workup demonstrates hyperbilirubinemia with indirect predominance, hemolytic anemia, methemoglobinemia, and renal dysfunction. Treatment options include supportive care, red cell transfusion, ascorbic acid, methylene blue, and N-acetylcysteine. We present a case of naphthalene toxicity in a 20-year-old autistic male, who improved with supportive care, red blood cell transfusion, and ascorbic acid.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Acute kidney injury: A rare complication of mothball (Naphthalene) poisoning

Authors: Ekambaram, S; Chandan Kumar, KM; Mahalingam, V (2017) Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation 28:1412-1415. HERO ID: 5018506

[Less] Naphthalene poisoning is an uncommon poisoning due to its pungent smell, taste, insolubility in water, . . . [More] Naphthalene poisoning is an uncommon poisoning due to its pungent smell, taste, insolubility in water, and poor absorption from the gut. It rarely occurs in suicidal attempts in adults and in accidental ingestion by children. We present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge encountered while treating a child with naphthalene-induced acute severe hemolytic anemia and acute kidney injury from accidental ingestion.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Naphthalene ball poisoning: a rare cause of acquired methaemoglobinaemia

Authors: Deo, P; Sahu, KK; Dhibar, DP; Varma, SC (2016) B M J Case Reports 2016. HERO ID: 3453501

[Less] A 15-year-old boy presented to emergency services with accidental naphthalene ball ingestion. Following . . . [More] A 15-year-old boy presented to emergency services with accidental naphthalene ball ingestion. Following consumption he developed methaemoglobinaemia, massive intravascular haemolysis and acute kidney injury. He had no history suggestive of congenital haemoglobin M disease. Development of severe methaemoglobinaemia and intravascular haemolysis is quite unusual after consumption of a single ball of naphthalene. The patient was managed with ascorbic acid and intravenous N-acetyl cysteine. He also required haemodialysis for acute kidney injury that developed secondary to pigment nephropathy.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Naphthalene Poisoning following Ingestion of Mothballs: A Case Report

Authors: Kundra, TS; Bhutatani, V; Gupta, R; Kaur, P (2015) 9:UD01-UD02. HERO ID: 3035917

[Less] Naphthalene is a widely used industrial and household chemical in the form of mothballs. But it has . . . [More] Naphthalene is a widely used industrial and household chemical in the form of mothballs. But it has rarely been an agent of poisoning worldwide. We describe a case of ingestional naphthalene poisoning with a good outcome after proper management. A 29-year-old girl ingested 8 mothballs, and presented two days later with haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia. She was given intravenous methylene blue, N-acetylcysteine and ascorbic acid, besides supportive treatment. Renal replacement therapy in the form of SLED of 8 hours was done on a daily basis. She was discharged after ten days on twice a week outpatient follow-up haemodialysis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Acute haemolytic anaemia and myolysis due to G6PD deficiency

Authors: Mangat, C; Inoue, S; Saah, E; Sharman, M (2014) B M J Case Reports 2014. HERO ID: 3035884

[Less] A 2-year-old African-American male patient with sickle cell trait developed cough, red coloured urine, . . . [More] A 2-year-old African-American male patient with sickle cell trait developed cough, red coloured urine, pallor and fatigue. The patient was hospitalised. Diagnostic workup showed that he was glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient in erythrocytes. He also had chest X-ray findings of pneumonia. His urine examination showed the presence of haemoglobin and myoglobin. On repeated questioning it was found that he had a moth ball in his mouth a few days prior to this medical episode. This case illustrates a rarely described complication of myolysis in G6PD deficient persons on exposure to a strong oxidant. A review of the literature showed that most people with G6PD deficiency tolerate exercise well without untoward effect in muscles. However, assay of myoglobin in urine has not been routinely performed in these patients during acute haemolytic episode, and thus it is uncertain how frequent myoglobulinaemia occurs in a similar stress situation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Prenatal diagnosis of multiple fetal anomalies in naphthalene-addicted pregnant women: a case report

Authors: Boynukalin, FK; Baykal, C (2014) Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology 41:217-218. HERO ID: 2708948

[Less] BACKGROUND: Naphthalene is one of the abused inhalants. It has been associated with . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Naphthalene is one of the abused inhalants. It has been associated with acute and chronic health problems. To the authors' knowledge, prenatal exposure to naphthalene has never been discussed in humans.

CASE: The authors discuss a case of naphthalene-addicted pregnant women with multiple fetal anomalies. At 15 weeks gestation, ultrasound screening demostrated multiple fetal anomalies: anencephaly, scoliosis, diffuse subcutaneous edema, flexion contracture of lower extremities, and hypoplastic left ventricle. Four weeks later obstetrical ultrasonography revealed that there was no fetal cardiac activity. The patient had a medical abortion.

CONCLUSION: A stronger knowledge basis regarding naphthalene-related fetal anomaly is required to ensure accurate direct link, however the probability of naphthalene-related fetal anomaly must be considered.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Acute intravascular hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following naphthalene ball poisoning

Authors: Kapoor, R; Suresh, P; Barki, S; Mishra, M; Garg, MK (2014) Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 30:317-319. HERO ID: 2708577

[Less] Naphthalene (C10H8) is a natural component of fossil fuels such as petroleum, diesel and coal. The common . . . [More] Naphthalene (C10H8) is a natural component of fossil fuels such as petroleum, diesel and coal. The common consumer products made from naphthalene are moth repellents, in the form of mothballs or crystals, and toilet deodorant blocks. Major toxic effects of naphthalene are due to precipitation of acute intravascular hemolysis. Very few cases of naphthalene poisoning and its effects have been reported from India. We report a case of accidental naphthalene poisoning, who presented with intravascular hemolysis and methemoglobinemia.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Naphthalene poisoning manifesting as hemoglobinuria

Authors: Chauhan, V; Sharma, R; Sharma, K; Sharma, G; Jitender, S; Jearth, V (2014) Toxicology International 21:314-315. HERO ID: 3035691

[Less] Reddish black discoloration of urine in absence of red blood cells (RBCs) can be a manifestation of . . . [More] Reddish black discoloration of urine in absence of red blood cells (RBCs) can be a manifestation of hemoglobinuria or myoglobinuria. We report a patient who was admitted for persistent vomiting. On 2(nd) day of admission, his urine turned reddish black. The patient then revealed that he had ingested mothballs 1 day back to commit suicide. The patient was managed conservatively with intravenous (IV) fluids and antiemetics. Mothballs are rarely reported as a suicidal agent and most cases are related to accidental exposure of children while playing. IV hemolysis is also reported with mothball ingestion. Our patient quickly became normal within 24 h and there was no residual organ damage.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Pallor and lethargy in a 19-month-old boy

Authors: Bhoj, EJ; Bhoj, V; Henretig, FM (2014) Pediatric Emergency Care 30:444-446. HERO ID: 3036121