Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Naphthalene


13,616 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparison of photocatalytic degradation of dyes in relation to their structure

Authors: Byberg, R; Cobb, J; Martin, LD; Thompson, RW; Camesano, TA; Zahraa, O; Pons, MN (In Press) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. HERO ID: 1501213

[Less] The photocatalytic degradation of a series of six acid dyes (Direct Red 80, Direct Red 81, Direct Red . . . [More] The photocatalytic degradation of a series of six acid dyes (Direct Red 80, Direct Red 81, Direct Red 23, Direct Violet 51, Direct Yellow 27, and Direct Yellow 50) has been tested compared in terms of color removal, mineralization, and toxicity (Lactuca sativa L. test) after photocatalysis on immobilized titanium dioxide. The dyes were examined at their natural pH and after hydrolysis at pH 12. Results show that hydrolysis decreases strongly the efficiency of color removal, that full mineralization takes much longer reaction time than color removal, and that toxicity is only very partially reduced. Some structural parameters, related to the structure and the topology of the dye molecules, could be correlated with the apparent color removal rates at natural pH.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Identification and preliminary evaluation of polychlorinated naphthalene emissions from hot dip galvanizing plants

Authors: Liu, G; Lv, P; Jiang, X; Nie, Z; Liu, W; Zheng, M (2015) Chemosphere 118:112-116. HERO ID: 2713113

[Less] Hot dip galvanizing (HDG) processes are sources of polychlorinated-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). . . . [More] Hot dip galvanizing (HDG) processes are sources of polychlorinated-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). Close correlations have been found between the concentration of PCDD/Fs and polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) that are produced and released during industrial thermal processes. We speculated, therefore, that HDG plants are potential PCN sources. In this preliminary study, PCNs were analyzed in solid residues, ash and precipitate from three HDG plants of different sizes. The total PCN concentrations (∑2-8PCNs) in the residue samples ranged from 60.3 to 226pgg(-1). The PCN emission factors for the combined ash and precipitate residues from the HDG plants ranged from 75 to 178ngt(-1) for the dichlorinated and octachlorinated naphthalenes. The preliminary results suggested that the HDG industry might not currently be a significant source of PCN emissions. The trichloronaphthalenes were the dominant homologs followed by the dichloronaphthalenes and the tetrachloronaphthalenes. The PCN congeners CN37/33/34, CN52/60, CN66/67, and CN73 dominated the tetrachlorinated, pentachlorinated, hexachlorinated, and heptachlorinated naphthalene homologs, respectively. The PCNs emitted from the HDG plants had similar homolog distributions and congener profiles to the PCNs emitted from combustion plants and other metallurgical processes. The identification and preliminary evaluation of PCN emissions from HDG plants presented here will help in the prioritization of measures for controlling PCN emissions from industrial sources.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chemical and toxicological evaluation of underground coal gasification (UCG) effluents. The coal rank effect

Authors: Kapusta, K; Stańczyk, K (2015) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 112:105-113. HERO ID: 2708519

[Less] The effect of coal rank on the composition and toxicity of water effluents resulting from two underground . . . [More] The effect of coal rank on the composition and toxicity of water effluents resulting from two underground coal gasification experiments with distinct coal samples (lignite and hard coal) was investigated. A broad range of organic and inorganic parameters was determined in the sampled condensates. The physicochemical tests were supplemented by toxicity bioassays based on the luminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri as the test organism. The principal component analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were adopted to assist in the interpretation of the raw experimental data, and the multiple regression statistical method was subsequently employed to enable predictions of the toxicity based on the values of the selected parameters. Significant differences in the qualitative and quantitative description of the contamination profiles were identified for both types of coal under study. Independent of the coal rank, the most characteristic organic components of the studied condensates were phenols, naphthalene and benzene. In the inorganic array, ammonia, sulphates and selected heavy metals and metalloids were identified as the dominant constituents. Except for benzene with its alkyl homologues (BTEX), selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), zinc and selenium, the values of the remaining parameters were considerably greater for the hard coal condensates. The studies revealed that all of the tested UCG condensates were extremely toxic to V. fischeri; however, the average toxicity level for the hard coal condensates was approximately 56% higher than that obtained for the lignite. The statistical analysis provided results supporting that the toxicity of the condensates was most positively correlated with the concentrations of free ammonia, phenols and certain heavy metals.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Distribution and composition pattern of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in different tissues of sturgeons collected from Iranian coastline of the Caspian Sea

Authors: Mashroofeh, A; Bakhtiari, AR; Pourkazemi, M (2015) Chemosphere 120:575-583. HERO ID: 2708521

[Less] The levels of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in the liver, kidney, gills . . . [More] The levels of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in the liver, kidney, gills and muscle tissues of Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus; n=16), and Stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus; n=7) collected from coastal waters of the South Caspian Sea from March and April 2011. The distribution and composition pattern of PAHs in the different tissues of sturgeons, and the effects of lipid content in sturgeon tissues and the octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow) of PAHs congeners on them were analyzed. The levels of total PAHs in the various tissues of Persian sturgeon and Stellate sturgeon ranged from 2.095 to 6.587 and 1.942 to 6.206μgg(-1)dw, respectively. Stellate sturgeon showed significantly higher levels of heavy PAHs (⩾4-rings) than Persian sturgeon. The analysis has revealed a high degree of differential accumulation of the studied PAHs in the tissues of the both species. Low molecular weight PAHs predominated in the sturgeons, accounting for 81.89% of the total PAHs. Among the sixteen tested PAHs, naphthalene was the most dominant congener, followed by phenanthrene and fluorene. The PAHs levels and distribution in the tissues of sturgeons are dependent on both the Kow of PAH congeners and the lipid content in these tissues. There was a significant positive relationship (r=0.868, p<0.005) between lipid content and PAHs levels. The statistically significant negative relationships (p<0.01) were found between log Kow and log-transformed PAHs levels for muscle tissues of both sturgeon species.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

1-Phenylsulfinyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)naphthalen-2-ols: A new class of potent and selective aldosterone synthase inhibitors

Authors: Grombein, CM; Hu, Q; Heim, R; Rau, S; Zimmer, C; Hartmann, RW (2015) European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 89:597-605. HERO ID: 2708522

[Less] 1-Phenylsulfinyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)naphthalen-2-ols and related compounds were synthesized and evaluated . . . [More] 1-Phenylsulfinyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)naphthalen-2-ols and related compounds were synthesized and evaluated for inhibition of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2), a potential target for cardiovascular diseases associated with elevated plasma aldosterone levels like congestive heart failure and myocardial fibrosis. Introduction of substituents at the phenylsulfinyl moiety and changes of the substitution pattern at the naphthalene core were examined. Potent compounds were further examined for selectivity versus other important steroidogenic CYP enzymes, i.e. the highly homologous 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1), CYP17 and CYP19. The most potent compound (IC50 = 14 nM) discovered was the meta-trifluoromethoxy derivative 11, which also exhibited excellent selectivity toward CYP11B1 (SF = 415), and showed no inhibition of CYP17 and CYP19.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fly ash-mediated formation of polychlorinated naphthalenes during secondary copper smelting and mechanistic aspects

Authors: Jiang, X; Liu, G; Wang, M; Zheng, M (2015) Chemosphere 119:1091-1098. HERO ID: 2708523

[Less] Thermal experiments (at 250-450°C for 10-240min) on fly ash from secondary copper smelting process (SeCu) . . . [More] Thermal experiments (at 250-450°C for 10-240min) on fly ash from secondary copper smelting process (SeCu) were performed to study the polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) formation in the post-zone of a secondary copper smelter. Unexpectedly high concentrations of PCNs were formed. Total PCN concentrations and toxic equivalents were 47-104 and 44-80 times higher than the initial concentration and toxic equivalent, respectively. The thermal disposal of SeCu fly ash should therefore be reconsidered. The kinetic of each homolog was determined under different thermal conditions. Less chlorinated homologs favored 350°C and more chlorinated homologs favored higher temperature. Most of the homologs reached an equilibrium of formation and degradation within 30min, except octachloronaphthalene which did not appear to reach such an equilibrium even after 240min. Chlorine substitution of the formed PCNs was identified and a similar pattern was found in chlorination products starting with naphthalene and chlorine. Furthermore, inorganic chlorine and unsubstituted naphthalene were found in the reaction products, confirming that the formation of naphthalene and the chlorination of that naphthalene could occur and could be suggested to be an important PCN formation route. A detailed formation pathway from naphthalene through octachloronaphthalene is proposed.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The detection of β-amyloid plaques in an Alzheimer's disease rat model with DDNP-SPIO

Authors: Zhang, D; Fa, HB; Zhou, JT; Li, S; Diao, XW; Yin, W (2015) Clinical Radiology 70:74-80. HERO ID: 2708524

[Less] AIM: To detect the β-amyloid plaques (Aβ) in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) . . . [More] AIM: To detect the β-amyloid plaques (Aβ) in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) using superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with 1,1-dicyano-2-[6-(dimethylamino)-naphthalene-2-yl] propene carboxyl derivative (DDNP-SPIO).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: DDNP-SPIO was prepared in a previous trial. The binding affinity of DDNP-SPIO to Aβ was tested using fluorescence spectrophotometry in vitro. In vivo, five AD rats and five non-AD rats were intravenously injected with DDNP-SPIO at a dose of 76 μmol Fe/kg. Coronal T2*-weighted images were collected at baseline and repeated at 10, 30, and 60 min post-injection. Enhancement features of the two groups were analysed. After imaging, brain specimens were resected for Congo red and Prussian blue staining to assess the binding of DDNP-SPIO to Aβ deposits.

RESULTS: In vitro experiments indicated that the DDNP-SPIO nanoparticles displayed high binding affinities towards Aβ with a Kd value of 29.4 nmol/l. A significant decrease in SI was detected in the hippocampal area of AD rats after intravenous injection of the nanoparticles, but not in non-AD rats. The measurement of the percentage signal loss decreased to 52% in AD rats. In non-AD rats, only 10% signal loss was observed. There was a significant difference between the two groups (t = 4.533, p < 0.05). The signal decrease resulted from the binding of the DDNP-SPIO nanoparticles to the Aβ plaques, which was identified with Congo red and Prussian blue staining.

CONCLUSION: The DDNP-SPIO nanoparticles could potentially be used for visualizing Aβ plaques, which may be helpful for diagnosing the early stages of AD and monitoring the effects of drug therapy.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Assessment of gene promoter G‑quadruplex binding and modulation by a naphthalene diimide derivative in tumor cells

Authors: Nadai, M; Cimino-Reale, G; Sattin, G; Doria, F; Butovskaya, E; Zaffaroni, N; Freccero, M; Palumbo, M; Richter, SN; Folini, M (2015) International Journal of Oncology 46:369-380. HERO ID: 2708562

[Less] Naphthalene diimide (NDI) derivatives have shown high affinity for telomeric guanine (G)‑quadruplexes . . . [More] Naphthalene diimide (NDI) derivatives have shown high affinity for telomeric guanine (G)‑quadruplexes and good antiproliferative activity in different human tumor experimental models. A trisubstituted compound (H‑NDI‑NMe2) has been reported to stabilize the telomeric G‑quadruplex and to cause telomere dysfunction and downregulation of telomerase expression. We further investigated its mechanism of action by analyzing the capability of the molecule to interfere with the expression levels of oncogenes, such as MYC, telome-rase reverse transcriptase (TERT), KIT and BCL2, known to bear G‑quadruplex‑forming sequences within their promoters, in human tumor cell lines of different histological origin. Exposure to H‑NDI‑NMe2 resulted in a cell type‑dependent perturbation of the expression levels of the four selected genes. Biophysical and molecular analyses revealed that H‑NDI‑NMe2 bound with high affinity and effectively stabilized mainly MYC and BCL2, which share long sequences and the possibility of multiple G‑quadruplex folding. The mRNA levels of both genes, but not protein amounts were affected by NDI treatment. Global gene expression analysis showed modulation of genes implicated in telomere function and mechanisms of cancer; however, G‑quadruplex‑mediated regulation of gene expression by H‑NDI‑NMe2 was largely dependent on the cell context. These data indicate that a deeper knowledge on the molecular mechanisms and biological effects of G‑quadruplex structures is still needed to help developing new effective anticancer agents.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Quantum chemical calculations and interpretation of electronic transitions and spectroscopic characteristics belonging to 1-(3-Mesityl-3-methylcyclobutyl)-2-(naphthalene-1-yloxy)ethanone

Authors: Koca, M; Arici, C; Muglu, H; Vurdu, CD; Kandemirli, F; Zalaoglu, Y; Yildirim, G (2015) Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 137:899-912. HERO ID: 2708615

[Less] This comprehensive study reports the synthesis of the title compound, 1-(3-Mesityl-3-methylcyclobutyl)-2-(naphthalene-1-yloxy)ethanone . . . [More] This comprehensive study reports the synthesis of the title compound, 1-(3-Mesityl-3-methylcyclobutyl)-2-(naphthalene-1-yloxy)ethanone (C26H28O2), and identification of the molecule by means of the standard experimental methods such as single-crystal X-ray diffraction, ultra violet-visible (UV-vis) spectra, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, (13)C and (1)H NMR chemical shifts and quantum chemical calculations using density functional theory (B3LYP) method for the first time. The experimental results observed display that the synthesis of the C26H28O2 compound is perfectly conducted without any impurities. Additionally, the little deviations are noticed on the bond lengths and bond angles, confirming that the strong intra-molecular charge transfers appear in the due to the presence of the electron engagements and conjugative effects (bond weakening). Besides, the intermolecular CH⋯O distance presents the interaction between the methylcyclobutyl CH group and oxygen atom in the ethanone group. At the same time, the absorption wavelength (λmax) appears at 292nm and interval 297-269nm in the solvent of chloroform and THF as a consequence of the presence of effective π-π(∗) conjugated segments in the molecule studied. Besides, optical band gap energy of 3.22/3.25eV (chloroform/THF), verifies the existence of the strong electronic donating groups in the structure. As for the quantum chemical computations, the determination of the optimized molecular structures, vibrational frequencies including infrared intensities, vibrational wavenumbers, thermodynamic properties, atomic charges, electronic transitions, dipole moment (charge distribution), optical band gap energy, (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts are conducted using density functional theory/Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (DFT/B3LYP) method with the standard 6-311++G(2d,2p) level of theory. The results obtained show that the strong intra-molecular charge transfer (ICT) appears between the donor and acceptor in the title compound due to the existence of the strong electronic donating groups and effective π-π(∗) conjugated segments with high electronic donor ability for the electrophilic attack (intermolecular interactions). Additionally, the presence of the non-uniform charge distributions (polar behavior) on the various atoms makes the title compound be useful to bond metallically.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Substituent effects on the properties of photochromic hybrid diarylethenes with a naphthalene moiety

Authors: Wang, R; Dong, X; Pu, S; Liu, G (2015) Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 137:1222-1230. HERO ID: 2708654

[Less] Four new unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethenes bearing both naphthalene and thiophene moieties were . . . [More] Four new unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethenes bearing both naphthalene and thiophene moieties were synthesized, and the structures of two diarylethenes were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The naphthalene ring was connected directly to the central perfluorocyclopentene ring as an aryl moiety and available to participate in photoisomerization reaction. All the diarylethenes exhibited favorable photochromism and functioned as fluorescence switches in both solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) films. The electron-withdrawing substituent significantly shifted the absorption maxima to a longer wavelength and evidently suppressed the cycloreversion quantum yield, whereas the electron-donating substituents enhanced the fluorescence quantum yield of diarylethenes with a naphthalene moiety. Furthermore, cyclic voltammograms suggested that the oxidation onsets and band-gaps of the open-ring isomers were much bigger than those of the closed-ring isomers. The results indicated that the substituents at the 5-position of thiophene ring could availably modulate their optical and electrochemical behaviors.