Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Naphthalene


664 References Were Found:

Journal Article
Journal Article

MS-5, a Naphthalene Derivative, Induces the Apoptosis of an Ovarian Cancer Cell CAOV-3 by Interfering with the Reactive Oxygen Species Generation

Authors: Ma, E; Jeong, SJ; Choi, JS; Nguyen, TH; Jeong, CH; Joo, SH (2019) HERO ID: 5018500

[Less] Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely generated in biological processes such as normal metabolism . . . [More] Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely generated in biological processes such as normal metabolism and response to xenobiotic exposure. While ROS can be beneficial or harmful to cells and tissues, generation of ROS by diverse anti-cancer drugs or phytochemicals plays an important role in the induction of apoptosis. We recently identified a derivative of naphthalene, MS-5, that induces apoptosis of an ovarian cell, CAOV-3. Interestingly, MS-5 induced apoptosis by down-regulating the ROS. Cell viability was evaluated by water-soluble tetrazolium salt (WST-1) assay. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry analysis. Intracellular ROS (H₂O₂), mitochondrial superoxide, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and effect on cycle were determined by flow cytometry. Protein expression was assessed by western blotting. The level of ATP was measured using ATP Colorimetric/Fluorometric Assay kit. MS-5 inhibited growth of ovarian cancer cell lines, CAOV-3, in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. MS-5 also induced G1 cell cycle arrest in CAOV-3 cells, while MS-5 decreased intracellular ROS generation. In addition, cells treated with MS-5 showed the decrease in MMP and ATP production. In this study, we found that treatment with MS-5 in CAOV-3 cells induced apoptosis but decreased ROS level. We suspect that MS-5 might interfere with the minimum requirements of ROS for survival. These perturbations appear to be concentration-dependent, suggesting that MS-5 may induce apoptosis by interfering with ROS generation. We propose that MS-5 may be a potent therapeutic agent for inducing apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell through regulation of ROS.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Estrogenic activity of multicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in vitro assays

Authors: Kolanczyk, RC; Denny, JS; Sheedy, BR; Schmieder, PK; Tapper, MA (2019) Aquatic Toxicology 207:43-51. HERO ID: 5018079

[Less] A representative group of multicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (MAHC) which can be further classified as . . . [More] A representative group of multicyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (MAHC) which can be further classified as bridged-ring (bridged-MAHC) or fused-ring (fused-MAHC) were examined for their ability to interact with the estrogen receptor of rainbow trout (rtER) in a hepatic cytosolic estrogen receptor competitive binding assay (cyto rtERαβ) and the vitellogenin (Vtg) mRNA gene activation liver slice assay. All five fused-MAHCs; naphthalene (NAFT), fluorene (FE), Fluoranthene (FAT), pyrene (PY), and 9,10-dihydroanthracene (DAC) had no estrogenic activity in the in vitro assays used. Five of the eight bridged-MAHCs; triphenylethylene (3PE), o-terphenyl (OTP), triphenylmethane (TPM), 1,1-diphenylethylene (DPE), and cis-stilbene (CSB) were positive in the rtER-binding assay. The additional three bridged-MAHC's; trans-stilbene (TSB), tetraphenylethylene (4PE), and 4,4-di-tertbutylphenyl (DtBB) were determined to be non-binders due to isomeric configuration, solubility limitation, and possible steric hinderance. It is possible that the bridged-MAHCs bind to the rtER through a proposed aromatic-aromatic stacking (π-π interaction) facilitated by perpendicular ring orientation achieved through free rotation of the bridged rings. The fused-ring structures are locked in a planar configuration which doesn't allow for rotation of rings perpendicular to one another. This first report of the rtER-binding of bridged-MAHCs in fish demonstrates binding for a class of chemicals normally not thought of as having an affinity for the estrogen receptor and further supports the versatility or promiscuity of ER ligand selectivity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mechanism of oxidative DNA damage induced by metabolites of carcinogenic naphthalene

Authors: Ohnishi, S; Hiraku, Y; Hasegawa, K; Hirakawa, K; Oikawa, S; Murata, M; Kawanishi, S (2018) Mutation Research 827:42-49. HERO ID: 4298288

[Less] Naphthalene is a carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, to which humans are exposed as an air . . . [More] Naphthalene is a carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, to which humans are exposed as an air pollutant. Naphthalene is metabolized in humans to reactive intermediates such as 1,2-hydroxynaphthalene (1,2-NQH2), 1,4-NQH2, 1,2-naphthoquinone (1,2-NQ), and 1,4-NQ. We examined oxidative DNA damage by these naphthalene metabolites using32P-labeled DNA fragments from human cancer-relevant genes. 1,2-NQH2and 1,4-NQH2induced DNA damage in the presence of Cu(II). The DNA-damaging activity of 1,2-NQH2was significantly increased in the presence of the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), whereas that of 1,4-NQH2was not. In the presence of NADH, 1,2-NQ induced Cu(II)-dependent DNA damage, whereas 1,4-NQ did not. The calculated energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), which corresponds to the reduction potential, was estimated to be -0.67 eV for 1,2-NQ and -0.75 eV for 1,4-NQ. These results suggest that 1,2-NQ was reduced more easily than 1,4-NQ. Furthermore, 1,2-NQH2, 1,4-NQH2, and 1,2-NQ plus NADH formed 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) as an oxidative DNA marker. Catalase and bathocuproine inhibited DNA damage, suggesting that H2O2and Cu(I) were involved. These results indicate that NQH2s are oxidized to the corresponding NQs via semiquinone radicals, and that H2O2and Cu(I) are generated during oxidation. 1,2-NQ is reduced by NADH to form the redox cycle, resulting in enhanced DNA damage. The formation of the corresponding semiquinone radicals was supported by an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study. In conclusion, the redox cycle of 1,2-NQ/1,2-NQH2may play a more important role in the carcinogenicity of naphthalene than that of 1,4-NQ/1,4-NQH2.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Naphthalene DNA adduct formation and tolerance in the lung

Authors: Buchholz, BA; Carratt, SA; Kuhn, EA; Collette, NM; Ding, X; Van Winkle, LS (2018) Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. HERO ID: 4715969

[Less] Naphthalene (NA) is a respiratory toxicant and possible human carcinogen. NA is a ubiquitous combustion . . . [More] Naphthalene (NA) is a respiratory toxicant and possible human carcinogen. NA is a ubiquitous combustion product and significant component of jet fuel. The National Toxicology Program found that NA forms tumors in two species, in rats (nose) and mice (lung). However, it has been argued that NA does not pose a cancer risk to humans because NA is bioactivated by cytochrome P450 monooxygenase enzymes that have very high efficiency in the lung tissue of rodents but low efficiency in the lung tissue of humans. It is thought that NA carcinogenesis in rodents is related to repeated cycles of lung epithelial injury and repair, an indirect mechanism. Repeated in vivo exposure to NA leads to development of tolerance, with the emergence of cells more resistant to NA insult. We tested the hypothesis that tolerance involves reduced susceptibility to the formation of NA-DNA adducts. NA-DNA adduct formation in tolerant mice was examined in individual, metabolically-active mouse airways exposed ex vivo to 250 μM 14C-NA. Ex vivo dosing was used since it had been done previously and the act of creating a radioactive aerosol of a potential carcinogen posed too many safety and regulatory obstacles. Following extensive rinsing to remove unbound 14C-NA, DNA was extracted and 14C-NA-DNA adducts were quantified by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The tolerant mice appeared to have slightly lower NA-DNA adduct levels than non-tolerant controls, but intra-group variations were large and the difference was statistically insignificant. It appears the tolerance may be more related to other mechanisms, such as NA-protein interactions in the airway, than DNA-adduct formation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Influence of airborne particulates on respiratory tract deposition of inhaled toluene and naphthalene in the rat

Authors: Roberts, SM; Rohr, AC; Mikheev, VB; Munson, J; Sabo-Attwood, T (2018) Inhalation Toxicology 30:19-28. HERO ID: 4730996

[Less] OBJECTIVE: Most studies report that inhaled volatile and semivolatile organic compounds . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: Most studies report that inhaled volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs/SVOCs) tend to deposit in the upper respiratory tract, while ultrafine (or near ultrafine) particulate matter (PM) (∼100 nm) reaches the lower airways. The objective of this study was to determine whether carbon particle co-exposure carries VOCs/SVOCs deeper into the lungs where they are deposited.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed by inhalation (nose-only) to radiolabeled toluene (20 ppm) or naphthalene (20 ppm) on a single occasion for 1 h, with or without concurrent carbon particle exposure (∼5 mg/m3). The distribution of radiolabel deposited within the respiratory tract of each animal was determined after sacrifice. The extent of adsorption of toluene and naphthalene to airborne carbon particles under the exposure conditions of the study was also assessed.

RESULTS: We found that in the absence of particles, the highest deposition of both naphthalene and toluene was observed in the upper respiratory tract. Co-exposure with carbon particles tended to increase naphthalene deposition slightly throughout the respiratory tract, whereas slight decreases in toluene deposition were observed. Few differences were statistically significant. Naphthalene showed greater adsorption to the particles compared to toluene, but overall the particle-adsorbed concentration of each of these compounds was a small fraction of the total inspired concentration.

CONCLUSIONS: These studies imply that at the concentrations used for the exposures in this study, inhaled carbon particles do not substantially alter the deposition of naphthalene and toluene within the respiratory tract.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mass spectrometry-based lipidomics to explore the biochemical effects of naphthalene toxicity or tolerance in a mouse model

Authors: Lee, SH; Hong, SH; Tang, CH; Ling, YS; Chen, KH; Liang, HJ; Lin, CY (2018) HERO ID: 5018095

[Less] Naphthalene causes mouse airway epithelial injury. However, repeated exposures of naphthalene result . . . [More] Naphthalene causes mouse airway epithelial injury. However, repeated exposures of naphthalene result in mouse airway tolerance. Previous results showed that toxicity or tolerance was correlated with changes of phosphorylcholine-containing lipids. In this study, a mass spectrometry-based lipidomic approach was applied to examine the effects of naphthalene-induced injury or tolerance in the male ICR mice. The injury model was vehicle x 7 plus 300 mg/kg naphthalene while the tolerant one was 200 mg/kg daily x 7 followed by 300 mg/kg naphthalene on day 8. The lung, liver, kidney, and serum samples were collected for profiles of phosphorylcholine-containing lipids including phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and sphingomyelins (SMs). A partial least-square-discriminate analysis model showed different lung phosphorylcholine-containing lipid profiles from the injured, tolerant, and control groups. Perturbation of diacyl-PCs and plasmenylcholines may be associated with enhanced membrane flexibility and anti-oxidative mechanisms in the lungs of tolerant mice. Additionally, alterations of lyso-PCs and SMs may be responsible for pulmonary dysfunction and inflammation in the lungs of injured mice. Moreover, serum PC(16:0/18:1) has potential to reflect naphthalene-induced airway injuries. Few phosphorylcholine-containing lipid alterations were found in the mouse livers and kidneys across different treatments. This study revealed the changes in lipid profiles associated with the perturbations caused by naphthalene tolerance and toxicity; examination of lipids in serum may assist biomarker development with the potential for application in the human population.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Metal complexes of naphthoquinone based ligand: synthesis, characterization, protein binding, DNA binding/cleavage and cytotoxicity studies

Authors: Kosiha, A; Parthiban, C; Ciattini, S; Chelazzi, L; Elango, KP (2018) Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics 36:4170-4181. HERO ID: 5018465

[Less] Protein binding, DNA binding/cleavage and in vitro cytotoxicity studies of 2-((3-(dimethylamino)propyl)amino)naphthalene-1,4-dione . . . [More] Protein binding, DNA binding/cleavage and in vitro cytotoxicity studies of 2-((3-(dimethylamino)propyl)amino)naphthalene-1,4-dione (L) and its four coordinated M(II) complexes [M(II) = Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II)] have been investigated using various spectral techniques. The structure of the ligand was confirmed by spectral and single crystal XRD studies. The geometry of the complexes has been established using analytical and spectral investigations. These complexes show good binding tendency to bovine serum albumin (BSA) exhibiting high binding constant values (105 M-1) when compared to free ligand. Fluorescence titration studies reveal that these compounds bind strongly with CT-DNA through intercalative mode (Kapp 105 M-1) and follow the order: Cu(II) > Zn(II) > Ni(II) > Co(II) > L. Molecular docking study substantiate the strength and mode of binding of these compounds with DNA. All the complexes efficiently cleaved pUC18-DNA via hydroxyl radical mechanism and the Cu(II) complex degraded the DNA completely by converting supercoiled form to linear form. The complexes demonstrate a comparable in vitro cytotoxic activity against two human cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and A-549), which is comparable with that of cisplatin. AO/EB and DAPI staining studies suggest apoptotic mode of cell death, in these cancer cells, with the compounds under investigation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biomarkers of toxicity in Clarias gariepinus exposed to sublethal concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Authors: Sogbanmu, TO; Osibona, AO; Oguntunde, OA; Otitoloju, AA (2018) HERO ID: 5019113

[Less] Physiological, biochemical and histological indices in Clarias gariepinus broodstock, and teratogenic . . . [More] Physiological, biochemical and histological indices in Clarias gariepinus broodstock, and teratogenic indices in embryos exposed to sublethal concentrations of naphthalene, phenanthrene and pyrene were investigated in 2014 using a static-renewal bioassay protocol. Phenanthrene (1.41 mg l(-1)) was the most toxic, followed by pyrene (1.53 mg l(-1)) and naphthalene (7.21 mg l(-1)), based on 96 h LC50 values. Hepatosomatic indices were significantly higher in naphthalene- and pyrene-treated males compared with solvent controls, whereas fecundity in females was significantly lower by factors of 2.4 (naphthalene), 2.8 (phenanthrene) and 2.4 (pyrene), compared with controls. Catalase levels were lower in female phenanthrene-treated fish compared with controls. Histological alterations observed in PAH-treated fish include oedema, inflammatory cells, epithelial lifting and hyperplasia in the gills, vacuolation, haemosiderin pigments and sinusoidal congestion in the liver, and degenerated zona radiata in the ovary. Teratogenic effects were not observed, as evidenced by the lack of histological alterations in embryos spawned from pre-exposed broodstock. Sex-specific responses and the utility of biomarkers at cellular and individual levels of organisation are therefore demonstrated for holistic evaluations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ecotoxicological studies.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Toxicity evaluation of five polyaromatic hydrocarbons to Escherichia coli using microcalorimetry and QASRs

Authors: Wu, X; Yao, Jun; Wang, Fei; Ma, J; Sun, J; Liu, R (2018) HERO ID: 5019181

[Less] The toxicity of five polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to metabolism of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was . . . [More] The toxicity of five polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to metabolism of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was evaluated with key parameters, including growth constant (k) and inhibitory ratio (I) from microcalorimetry analysis. The results showed that the toxicity followed pyrene > 9-phenanthrol > phenanthrene > 3-phenanthrenecarboxylic acid > naphthalene for the chemicals tested. Basing on physical and chemical parameters of these five PAHs, the quantitative structure activity relationships (QASRs) equation was established by multiple linear regression analysis, indicating that narcosis, a non-specific and non-reactive toxic action, plays the predominant role in toxicity of these five PAHs to bacterial cells. This study illustrates that the toxicity of PAHs are determined by the number of the aromatic ring and the substituent groups, higher toxicity associated with the higher number of the aromatic rings. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Investigation of the molecular mechanisms of hepatic injury upon naphthalene exposure in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Authors: Chen, H; Sheng, L; Gong, Z; Ru, S; Bian, H (2018) Ecotoxicology 27:650-660. HERO ID: 5018217

[Less] Naphthalene has been used worldwide as a commercial insecticide for decades, which when detected in . . . [More] Naphthalene has been used worldwide as a commercial insecticide for decades, which when detected in the environment can have various negative effects on non-target organism, such as hepatotoxicity. However, the molecular mechanisms of how naphthalene acts to affect the liver in zebrafish (Danio rerio) remains unknown. In this study, we evaluated the potential toxic effects of naphthalene on livers in female adult zebrafish over a 21-day subacute exposure. Global hepatic gene expression was examined by microarrays and the results indicated the regulated genes were associated significantly with vital hepatic injury pathways and GO categories upon naphthalene exposure, such as disruptions in lipid metabolism, inflammatory response, and the carcinogenic processes. According to our observations of liver histology, nuclear enlargement as a potential indicator of cancers and hepatic lipometabolic disorder precisely were supported. The 96 h acute naphthalene tests on Tg(lysC:DsRed) and LiPan lines larvae revealed recruitment of neutrophils by the liver, as well as decreased liver size, which further confirmed hepatic inflammation response to naphthalene exposure. Thus, these findings advance the field of ecotoxicology by unveiling a new role of naphthalene as a leading cause of liver damage and provide potential biomarker-genes for environmental naphthalene monitoring.