Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Ethylbenzene


6,396 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Photocatalytic conversion of gaseous ethylbenzene on lanthanum-doped titanium dioxide nanotubes

Authors: Cheng, ZW; Feng, L; Chen, JM; Yu, JM; Jiang, YF (In Press) Journal of Hazardous Materials. HERO ID: 1580437

[Less] The photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide (TiO2) make it an attractive material for environmental . . . [More] The photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide (TiO2) make it an attractive material for environmental remediation. In the present study, lanthanum (La(3+))-doped TiO2 nanotubes with excellent photocatalytic activity were fabricated by a combination of sol-gel method and hydrothermal technique. The optimal preparation parameters were determined by the structural characterization using a range of methods and the photocatalytic degradation of gaseous ethylbenzene (EB). Compared with pure TiO2 nanoparticles, 1.2%-La(3+)-doped - titania nanotubes (1.2%-La(3+)-TNTs) exhibited higher activity under 254nm UV for conversion of EB. The initial EB concentrations and relative humidity (RH) obviously influenced the photocatalytic activity of 1.2%-La(3+)-TNTs. Kinetic analysis showed that surface adsorption and surface reaction controlled the rate-determining step for RH of 40-50% and >80%, respectively. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry were used to analyze the intermediates generated in the conversion of EB, allowing a tentative decomposition pathway to be proposed. The prepared photocatalyst exhibited enhanced EB conversion compared with undoped TiO2, and showed a promise for the decomposition of recalcitrant compounds before subsequent biopurification.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Structure and Function of an Inflammatory Cytokine, Interleukin-2, Analyzed Using the Bioinformatic Approach

Author: Roy, U (2019) HERO ID: 5094676

[Less] The inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-2 (IL-2), is an important regulator of cellular functions. This . . . [More] The inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-2 (IL-2), is an important regulator of cellular functions. This relatively less studied member of the interleukin protein family is responsible for multiple immuno-modulatory and immuno-stimulatory tasks, like T cell activation, triggering of natural killer cells, inflammation, as well as proliferation and progression of autoimmune diseases and cancers. In this communication we report the temporally variant structural aspects of the IL-2 ligand and its receptor interfaces, based on the available crystal structures. The intended goal of this effort is to generate simulated results that could potentially aid the designs of novel structure based therapeutics.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A new griseofulvin derivative from a soft coral-derived fungus Eupenicillium sp. SCSIO41208

Authors: Li, Y; Tan, Y; Liu, J; Zhou, X; Zeng, S; Dong, J; Liu, Y; Yang, B (2019) Natural Product Research 1-5. HERO ID: 5092895

[Less] A new griseofulvin derivative, eupenigriseofulvin (1), together with six known compounds, griseofulvin . . . [More] A new griseofulvin derivative, eupenigriseofulvin (1), together with six known compounds, griseofulvin (2), dechlorogriseofluvin (3), dechloroisogriseofulvin (4), trichopyrone (5), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol (6), and 1-phenylethane-1,2-diol (7), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of Eupenicillium sp. SCSIO41208. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including NMR and mass spectrometry. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined on the basis of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analysis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Stimulation of pulmonary vagal C-fibers by trans-4-methyl-β-nitrostyrene induces bradycardiac and depressor reflex in rats: Role of vanilloid TRPV1 receptors

Authors: Teófilo, TM; Duarte, GP; Borges, RS; Santos, AA; Magalhães, PJC; Lahlou, S (2019) European Journal of Pharmacology 849:154-159. HERO ID: 5073910

[Less] Previously, we showed that the synthetic nitroderivative trans-4-methyl-β-nitrostyrene (T4MeN) induced . . . [More] Previously, we showed that the synthetic nitroderivative trans-4-methyl-β-nitrostyrene (T4MeN) induced vasorelaxant effects in rat isolated aortic rings. Here, we investigated the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular effects of T4MeN in normotensive rats. In pentobarbital-anesthetized rats, intravenous (i.v.) injection of T4MeN (0.03-0.5 mg/kg) induced a rapid (onset time of 1-2 s) and dose-dependent bradycardia and hypotension. These cardiovascular responses to T4MeN were abolished by bilateral cervical vagotomy or selective blockade of neural conduction of vagal C-fiber afferents by perineural treatment of both cervical vagus nerves with capsaicin. Hypotension and bradycardia were also recorded when T4MeN was directly injected in the right, but not into the left ventricle. Furthermore, they were significantly reduced by i.v. pretreatment with capsazepine but remained unaltered by ondansetron or suramin. In conscious rats, the dose-dependent hypotension and bradycardia evoked by T4MeN were abolished by i.v. methylatropine pretreatment. In conclusion, bradycardiac and depressor responses induced by T4MeN has a vago-vagal reflex origin resulting from the vagal pulmonary afferents stimulation. The transduction mechanism seems to involve the activation of vanilloid TRPV1, but not purinergic (P2X) or 5-HT3 receptors located on vagal pulmonary sensory nerves.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Phytochemical and biological activities of Silene viridiflora extractives. Development and validation of a HPTLC method for quantification of 20-hydroxyecdysone

Authors: Mamadalieva, NZ; Boehmdorfer, S; Zengin, G; Bacher, M; Potthast, A; Akramov, DKh; Janibekov, A; Rosenau, T (2019) HERO ID: 5094964


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Experimental and DFT Investigation on the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel by 1, 2, 3-triazole Regioisomers in 1M hydrochloric Acid Solution

Authors: Rahmani, H; Alaoui, KI; Emran, KM; El Hallaoui, A; Taleb, M; El Hajji, S; Labriti, B; Ech-Chihbi, E; Hammouti, B; El-Hajjaji, F (2019) HERO ID: 5094332


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Highly selective, high capacity separation of o-xylene from C8 aromatics by a switching adsorbent layered material

Authors: Zaworotko, M; Wang, SQ; Mukherjee, S; Patyk-Kaźmierczak, E; Darwish, S; Bajpai, A; Yang, QY (2019) Angewandte Chemie (International Edition). HERO ID: 5068477

[Less] Adsorbent materials that exhibit high selectivity without sacrificing adsorption capacity can significantly . . . [More] Adsorbent materials that exhibit high selectivity without sacrificing adsorption capacity can significantly reduce energy costs for industrial separation/purification processes and thus facilitate a transition away from energy-intensive processes such as conventional distillation. Purification of the C8 aromatics (xylenes and ethylbenzene) is particularly challenging because of their similar physical properties. It is also relevant because of their industrial utility. In this context, physisorptive separation of C8 aromatics has long been suggested as an energy efficient solution but no physisorbent has yet combined high selectivity (>5) with high adsorption capacity (>50 wt%). Herein, we report a counterintuitive approach to the adsorptive separation of o-xylene from other C8 aromatics by the study of a known nonporous layered material, [Co(bipy)2(NCS)2]n (sql-1-Co-NCS). We observe that sql-1-Co-NCS can reversibly switch to C8 aromatics loaded phases with different switching pressures and kinetics, manifesting benchmark o-xylene selectivity (SOX/EB ~ 60) and high saturation capacity (> 80 wt%). Structural insight into the observed selectivity and capacity is gained via analysis of the crystal structures of C8 aromatics loaded phases.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Controllable sulfur, nitrogen co-doped porous carbon for ethylbenzene oxidation: the role of nano-CaCO₃

Authors: Qin, Y; Guo, H; Wang, B; Li, J; Gao, R; Qiu, P; Sun, M; Chen, L (2019) Chemistry - An Asian Journal. HERO ID: 5068497

[Less] Heteroatom doped porous carbon materials have exhibited promising applications in various fields. In . . . [More] Heteroatom doped porous carbon materials have exhibited promising applications in various fields. In this work, sulfur, nitrogen co-doped carbon materials (SNCs) with abundant pore structure were prepared by pyrolysis of sulfur, nitrogen-containing porous organic polymers (POPs) mixed with nano-CaCO₃ at high temperature. Among the resultant materials, SNC-Ca-850 possesses a relatively high level of doped heteroatoms and exhibits an excellent catalytic performance for the selective oxidation of benzylic C-H bonds. It is noteworthy that nano-CaCO₃ elevates the doped sulfur content in the synthesized carbon materials to a large extent, and has impact on the existence modes of sulfur. Besides, it enhances the porous structure and specific surface area of resultant SNCs significantly. This work provides a viable strategy to promote the doping of sulfur into carbon materials during pyrolysis process.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Structures and dimensions of micelle-templated nanoporous silicas derived from swollen spherical micelles of temperature-dependent size

Authors: Ke, F; Yi, J; Zhang, S; Zhou, S; Ravikovitch, PI; Kruk, M (2019) HERO ID: 5068503

[Less] Subambient temperatures are employed in Pluronic-block-copolymer-templated syntheses of many large-pore . . . [More] Subambient temperatures are employed in Pluronic-block-copolymer-templated syntheses of many large-pore silicas: SBA-15 (2-D hexagonal with cylindrical mesopores), FDU-12 (face-centered cubic with spherical mesopores), nanotubes and hollow nanospheres. Herein, the origin of a significant temperature dependence of the unit-cell parameter and pore diameter of silicas templated by swollen micelles of Pluronics under subambient conditions was elucidated. The temperature dependence of size of swollen spherical micelles of Pluronic F127 (EO106PO70EO106) in 2 M HCl solution was studied in 12-25 °C range using dynamic light scattering and was correlated with structure types, unit-cell sizes and pore sizes of silicas synthesized at four silica-precursor/Pluronic ratios with a swelling agent (toluene, ethylbenzene). The increase in size of swollen micelles with temperature decrease was paralleled by the increase in the unit-cell size and pore diameter, even if the micelle shape changed in the process of formation of the micelle-templated silica. The decrease in the silica-precursor/Pluronic F127 ratio at constant temperature triggered a succession of phases, including SBA-15 - nanotube sequence that may involve an intermediate nanotube bundle structure, which is uncommon and potentially useful. The temperature decrease also led to a succession of phases, including FDU-12 - SBA-15, hollow nanospheres - nanotube bundles, and nanotubes - SBA-15 sequences.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Estimation of C2H5-Benzenes in Refinery Streams

Authors: Sugumaran, V; Sarkar, M; Singh, R; Chopra, A; Jayaraj, C (2019) HERO ID: 5068505

[Less] A simple and direct gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for routine estimation of C2 H5-alkylbenzenes . . . [More] A simple and direct gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for routine estimation of C2 H5-alkylbenzenes (or C2-alkylbenzenes), namely, ethylbenzene and m/p- and o-xylenes in the boiling range of 80°C-400°C, including diesel range streams using deuterated ethylbenzene as internal standard has been described. Estimation of C2-alkylbenzenes in feeds and products is important for monitoring the reaction kinetics in certain secondary processes which involve conversion of low value, aromatic-rich diesel range boiling streams to produce aromatic-based petrochemical feedstocks upto xylenes. The method developed takes advantage of chromatographic separation and resolution masses of fragment ions of the compounds of interest for estimation. Linearity in estimation has been established in the range of 300 ppm to 5% (w/w) for ethylbenzene, m/p-xylenes and o-xylenes. Correlation coefficient (R2) value of 0.99 was obtained for the three compounds for calibration mixtures. Total 15 samples obtained from refineries, pilot plant for mono-aromatic enrichment studies, and commercial diesel samples were analyzed by this method for estimation of ethylbenzene, m/p- and o-xylenes content.