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Journal Article 
Kinetic modeling of the simultaneous etherification of ethanol with C-4 and C-5 olefins over Amberlyst (TM) 35 using model averaging 
Soto, R; Fite, C; Ramirez, E; Bringue, R; Cunill, F 
Chemical Engineering Journal
ISSN: 1385-8947 
A kinetic study on the simultaneous liquid-phase etherification of ethanol with isobutene (IB), 2-methyl-1-butene (2M1B) and 2-methyl-2-butene (2M2B) catalyzed by Amberlysf (TM) 35 to form ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) and tert-amyl ethyl ether (TAEE) is presented. Isothermal experimental runs were carried out in a stirred tank batch reactor in the temperature range 323-353 K at 2.0 MPa, starting from different initial concentrations. Obtained reaction rates were free of catalyst load, internal, and external mass transfer effects. Mathematical fitting of a series of systematically originated models, model selection, and model averaging procedures were applied to find the best model and to draw conclusions about the reaction mechanism. The selected model involves a saturated catalytic surface with the participation of two active sites in etherification reactions and one active site in isoamylenes isomerization. Apparent activation energies for ETBE formation from IB and EtOH, TAEE formation from 2M1B and EtOH, TAEE formation from 2M2B and EtOH, and double bond isomerization between 2M1B and 2M2B were 72.8 +/- 1.4, 74.9 +/- 2.8, 81.2 +/- 2.2 and, 76.5 +/- 7.2 kJ/mol, respectively. The alkenes with the double bond in terminal position were more reactive towards EtOH than 2M2B, with the double bond in internal position. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 
Kinetic modeling; Model averaging; Ethyl tert-butyl ether; tert-Amyl ethyl ether; Simultaneous etherification; Amberlyst (TM) 35 
• tert-Amyl ethyl ether (TAEE)
     Initial Litsearch 6/2018
     Excluded / Not on Topic
          Exposure and biological monitoring
     LitSearch: Jan 2017 - July 2019