This document is intended primarily for managers of national programmes for the prevention and control of micronutrient malnutrition.
It sets out principles governing the use of surveillance indicators in implementing interventions to prevent, control, and monitor iodine defi ciency disorders (IDD). It presents methods for monitoring iodine status and determining urinary iodine and provides guidelines on the procedures for monitoring salt iodine content, whether at the factory, importation site, or household level. It also gives guidance on conducting surveys to assess iodine status in populations.
Finally, indicators are presented for monitoring progress towards achieving the goal of sustainable elimination of IDD as a signifi cant public health problem.