Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)

Print Feedback Export to File
Journal Article 
Species- and strain-dependent teratogenicity of methanol in rabbits and mice 
Sweeting, JN; Siu, M; Wiley, MJ; Wells, PG 
Reproductive Toxicology
ISSN: 0890-6238
EISSN: 1873-1708 
Estimates of human risk for developmental toxicity of methanol (MeOH) are based on studies in rodents, which unlike humans use catalase to metabolize MeOH. Rabbits, like humans, may largely use alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and more accurately than rodents reflect primate MeOH and formic acid (FA) pharmacokinetic profiles. Here we show that New Zealand white rabbits and one strain of mouse (C3H) are resistant to MeOH teratogenicity, whereas C57BL/6J mice are susceptible. Neither rabbits nor mice were susceptible to the acute MeOH toxicity observed in humans. The strain-dependent teratological susceptibility in mice could not be explained by differences in MeOH or FA disposition, nor could the resistance of rabbits, which exhibited more prolonged FA accumulation, suggesting that different mechanisms underlie MeOH teratogenesis and the FA-mediated acute toxicity in humans. It is not clear if the human risk for MeOH developmental toxicity can be accurately estimated using sensitive rodent strains. 
Methanol (MeOH); Formic acid (FA); Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH); Catalase; New Zealand white (NZW) rabbit; C57BL/6J mice; C3H mice; Teratology 
• Methanol (Non-Cancer)
     Cited in Final (2013)
     Cited in External Review Draft (2013)
     Cited in External Review Draft (2011)
     Search 2012