Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)

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Journal Article 
Removal of dichloromethane from ground and wastewater: a review 
Shestakova, M; Sillanpää, M 
ISSN: 0045-6535
EISSN: 1879-1298 
Dichloromethane (DCM) is a toxic volatile compound which is found in the ground waters and wastewaters of the pharmaceutical, chemical, textile, metal-working and petroleum industries. DCM inhibits the growth of aquatic organisms, induces cancer in animals and is potentially carcinogenic for humans. This article aims to review existing water treatments for DCM removal, focusing on recent technological advances. Air stripping, adsorption and pervaporation were found to be effective in separating DCM from water with a process efficiency of about 99%, 90% and 80% respectively. Electrocatalysis over Cu-impregnated carbon fiber electrode, photo irradiation over TiO₂ and photo-Fenton process led to the complete decomposition of DCM. Aerobic and anaerobic water treatment achieved 99% and 95% removal of DCM respectively. The maximum efficiencies observed for acoustic cavitation, radiolysis and catalytic degradation of CH₂Cl₂ were 90%, 92% and 99% respectively. Ozonation and persulfate oxidation showed lower DCM degradation efficiencies, not exceeding 20%. Further combination of different water treatment methods will further increase DCM degradation efficiency.