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Journal Article 
In vitro anti-influenza virus activity of a cardiotonic glycoside from Adenium obesum (Forssk.) 
Kiyohara, H; Ichino, C; Kawamura, Y; Nagai, T; Sato, N; Yamada, H; Salama, MM; Abdel-Sattar, E 
ISSN: 0944-7113
EISSN: 1618-095X 
Methanolic extracts of six Saudi plants were screened for their in vitro antiviral activity using influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) and MDCK cells in an MTT assay. The results indicated that the extracts of Adeniumobesum and Tephorosianubica possessed antiviral activity (99.3 and 93.3% inhibition at the concentration of 10 μg/ml, respectively). Based on these results A. obesum was selected for further study by applying bioactivity-guided fractionation to isolate its antiviral principle. The antiviral principle was isolated from the chloroform fraction through solvent fractionation, combined open liquid chromatography and HPLC. The isolated active compound A was identified as oleandrigenin-β-D-glucosyl (1→4)-β-D-digitalose, on the basis of its spectral analysis (MS, 1D and 2D NMR). The isolated glycoside showed reduction of virus titre by 69.3% inhibition at concentration of 1 μg/ml (IC(50)=0.86 μg/ml). 
• Methanol (Non-Cancer)
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