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3860653 
Journal Article 
Non-equilibrium responses of PFPE lubricants with various atomistic/molecular architecture at elevated temperature 
Chung, PilS; Song, W; Biegler, LT; Jhon, MS 
2017 
During the operation of hard disk drive (HDD), the perfluoropolyether (PFPE) lubricant experiences elastic or viscous shear/elongation deformations, which affect the performance and reliability of the HDD. Therefore, the viscoelastic responses of PFPE could provide a finger print analysis in designing optimal molecular architecture of lubricants to control the tribological phenomena. In this paper, weexamine the rheological responses of PFPEs including storage (elastic) and loss (viscous) moduli (G' and G '') by monitoring the time-dependent-stress-strain relationship via non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. We analyzed the rheological responses by using Cox-Merz rule, and investigated the molecular structural and thermal effects on the solid-like and liquid-like behaviors of PFPEs. The temperature dependence of the endgroup agglomeration phenomena was examined, where the functional endgroups are decoupled as the temperature increases. By analyzing the relaxation processes, the molecular rheological studies will provide the optimal lubricant selection criteria to enhance the HDD performance and reliability for the heat-assisted magnetic recording applications. (C) 2017 Author(s). 
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• ^Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)
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