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5079808 
Journal Article 
Do conventional cooking methods alter concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in seafood? 
Taylor, MD; Nilsson, S; Bräunig, J; Bowles, KC; Cole, V; Moltschaniwskyj, NA; Mueller, JF 
2019 
Yes 
Food and Chemical Toxicology
ISSN: 0278-6915
EISSN: 1873-6351 
Elsevier 
127 
Elsevier 
280-287 
English 
Per-and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are bioaccumulative chemicals of emerging concern. Some PFASs accumulate in seafood, and can contribute to dietary exposure. Previous work has suggested cooking seafood decreases concentrations of neutral organic contaminants, however, previous studies dealing with PFASs have shown conflicting results. In this study, the potential changes of PFAS concentrations as a result of boiling, frying and baking are systematically examined. Blue Swimmer Crab (Portunus armatus), Dusky Flathead (Platycephalus fuscus) and School Prawn (Metapenaeus macleayi) were obtained from near a known PFAS point source and a reference location (affected by diffuse sources). Raw and cooked samples were analysed for commonly found PFASs. Of 23 target analytes, PFOS was the most frequently detected compound. PFOS, PFHxS and PFOA concentrations in School Prawn effectively doubled after boiling, and PFOS increased when Dusky Flathead was baked. There was no significant difference in PFOS concentration when Dusky Flathead was fried, or when the Blue Swimmer Crab was boiled. PFHxS and PFOA concentrations in Blue Swimmer Crab effectively halved after boiling. Increase in PFAS concentrations possibly arise from mass loss during the cooking process. Our data show that cooking does not consistently reduce PFAS concentrations, and cannot mitigate dietary exposure. 
Human health; Tolerable daily intake; Bioaccumulation 
• PFHxS
     LitSearch: Feb 2018 - May 2019
          PubMed
          ToxNet
     LitSearch: May 2019 - May 2020
          WoS
• PFOA (335-67-1) and PFOS (1763-23-1)
     Literature Search Update (2013-2019)
          PubMed