Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)

Print Feedback Export to File
Journal Article 
Uptake mechanisms of perfluoroalkyl acids with different carbon chain lengths (C2-C8) by wheat (Triticum acstivnm L.) 
Zhang, L; Sun, H; Wang, Q; Chen, H; Yao, Y; Zhao, Z; Alder, AC 
Science of the Total Environment
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026 
Organic compounds could be taken up by plants via different pathways, depending on chemical properties and biological species, which is important for the risk assessment and risk control. To investigate the transport pathways of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) by wheat (Triticum acstivnm L.), the uptake of five perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs): TFA (C2), PFPrA (C3), PFBA (C4), PFHxA (C6), PFOA (C8), and a perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid: PFOS (C8)) were studied using hydroponic experiments. Various inhibitors including a metabolic inhibitor (Na3VO4), two anion channel blockers (9-AC, DIDS), and two aquaporin inhibitors (AgNO3, glycerol) were examined. The wheat root and shoot showed different concentration trends with the carbon chain length of PFAAs. The uptake of TFA was inhibited by Na3VO4 and 9-AC whereas PFPrA was inhibited by Na3VO4, AgNO3 and 9-AC. For the other four PFAAs, only Na3VO4 was effective. These results together with the result of concentration-dependent uptake, which followed the Michaelis-Menten model, indicate that the uptake of PFAAs by wheat is mainly an energy-dependent active process mediated by carriers. For the ultra-short chain PFCAs (C2 and C3), aquaporins and anion channels may also be involved. A competition between TFA and PFPrA was determined during the plant uptake but no competition was observed between these two shorter chain analogues with other analogues, neither between PFBA and PFHxA, PFBA and PFBS, PFOA and PFOS. 
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs); Plant uptake mechanism; Active/passive processes; Anion channels; Water channels 
     Literature Search Update 5/2019
     Search Update 5/2019
     LitSearch: Feb 2018 - May 2019
     Literature Search
• PFOA (335-67-1) and PFOS (1763-23-1)
     Literature Search Update (2013-2019)