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1311695 
Journal Article 
Effect of cooking at home on the levels of eight phthalates in foods 
Fierens, T; Vanermen, G; Van Holderbeke, M; De Henauw, S; Sioen, I 
In Press 
Yes 
Food and Chemical Toxicology
ISSN: 0278-6915
EISSN: 1873-6351 
50 
4428-4435 
English 
Food products can be contaminated with toxic compounds via the environment. Another possibility of food contamination is that toxicants are generated in foods or that chemicals migrate from food contact materials into foods during processing. In this study, the effect of cooking at home on the levels of phthalates - world's most used group of plasticisers - in various food types (starchy products, vegetables and meat and fish) was examined. Eight compounds were considered, namely dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP), di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dicyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP). Food products were analysed before as well as after cooking (boiling, steaming, (deep-)frying or grilling). In general, phthalate concentrations in foods declined after cooking, except in vegetables, where almost no effect was seen. Several factors influenced the degree of this decline (e.g. weight difference, fat uptake, etc.). Of all phthalates, DEHP, DiBP and BBP were affected the most. In conclusion, cooking at home definitely affected phthalate concentrations in foods and thus needs to be considered in order to correctly assess humans' dietary exposure to these contaminants. 
Phthalate; Food; Cooking at home 
IRIS
• BBP (Butyl benzyl phthalate)
     Literature Search
          LitSearch Dec 2012
               PubMed
               WOS
     Excluded: No Primary Data on Health Effects
          Exposure levels
• Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP)
     Database Searches
          Pubmed
          Web of Science
     LitSearch Nov 2012
          PubMed
          Merged reference set
     LitSearch Dec 2012 - June 2013
          PubMed
          Web of Science
     Excluded: No Primary Data on Health Effects
          Exposure levels
• Diethyl phthalate (DEP)
     Database searches
          Initial Litsearch
               PubMed
               Merged reference set
          LitSearch Nov 2012-Aug 2013
               Pubmed
               WoS
     Excluded: No Primary Data on Health Effects
          Exposure levels
• Diisobutyl Phthalate (DIBP) Final
     Database Searches
          March 2014 Database Search
               PubMed
               Toxline
               Web of Science
          September 2014 update
               Toxline
               Web of Science
          June 2015 Update
               Toxline
               Web of Science
          December 2015 Update
               Web of Science
          June 2016 Update
               Toxline
          January 2017 Update
     No Primary Data on Toxic Effects
          Exposure levels
• Phthalates – Targeted Search for Epidemiological Studies
     Source – all searches
          Pubmed
          WOS
     Excluded
     Source – no date limit through June 2013 (Private)
          Pubmed
          WOS
     Source - Dec 2013 Update (Private)
          WOS